Fatal Pericardial Tamponade After Superior Vena Cava Stenting
Twenty patients with superior vena caval obstruction (SVCO) due to malignancy were managed using the Gianturco Z Stent. Three patients had adjunctive thrombolysis. The primary clinical success was 90% (18/20 patients). Thirteen patients were free of SVCO to death or follow-up without re-intervention (primary patency = 65%). Three patients had re-intervention for recurrent symptoms, two successfully (secondary long-term patency = 75%). Stenting of the SVC is a valuable, under-used technique for the symptomatic relief of superior vena caval obstruction.