Superior vena cava and hepatic vein Doppler echocardiography in healthy adults.

@article{Appleton1987SuperiorVC,
  title={Superior vena cava and hepatic vein Doppler echocardiography in healthy adults.},
  author={Christopher P. Appleton and Liv K. Hatle and Richard Popp},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Cardiology},
  year={1987},
  volume={10 5},
  pages={1032-9}
}
Pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound recordings of blood flow velocity in the superior vena cava were made in 40 healthy adults (aged 22 to 69 years) during both normal respiration and 10 second episodes of apnea. The forward flow velocity pattern was biphasic, with systolic flow velocity greater than diastolic flow velocity. During apnea, peak flow velocities ranged from 32 to 69 cm/s (mean 45.7 +/- 8.4) during systole and from 6 to 45 cm/s (mean 27.2 +/- 8.3) in early diastole. Systolic flow… CONTINUE READING

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