Superior vena cava and central venous reconstruction.

Partial or complete obstruction of the superior vena cava and its major tributaries occassionally results in incapacitating venous hypertension of the upper extremities and/or head and neck. Factors intrinsic and extrinsic to the central veins play a role in the pathogenesis. The more common causes include mechanically and chemically induced intimal injury… CONTINUE READING