Superconducting quantum bits

@article{Clarke2008SuperconductingQB,
  title={Superconducting quantum bits},
  author={John Clarke and Frank K. Wilhelm},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2008},
  volume={453},
  pages={1031-1042}
}
Superconducting circuits are macroscopic in size but have generic quantum properties such as quantized energy levels, superposition of states, and entanglement, all of which are more commonly associated with atoms. Superconducting quantum bits (qubits) form the key component of these circuits. Their quantum state is manipulated by using electromagnetic pulses to control the magnetic flux, the electric charge or the phase difference across a Josephson junction (a device with nonlinear inductance… Expand

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