Super-selective electrical stimulation of the left ventricle via a miniaturized magnetized stimulation wire: proof of concept study.

Cardiac resynchronization therapy provides a treatment option for patients with congestive heart failure. Electrodes are usually advanced via the cardiac venous system (CVS). Placement is often hampered by small vessel diameter or tortuosity. The aim of this study was to develop and test a magnetized stimulation wire (MSW) capable of being navigated into… CONTINUE READING