Super-Eddington stellar winds driven by near-surface energy deposition

@article{Quataert2015SuperEddingtonSW,
  title={Super-Eddington stellar winds driven by near-surface energy deposition},
  author={Eliot Quataert and Rodrigo Fern{\'a}ndez and Daniel Kasen and Hannah Klion and Bill Paxton},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
  year={2015},
  volume={458},
  pages={1214-1233}
}
We develop analytic and numerical models of the properties of super-Eddington stellar winds, motivated by phases in stellar evolution when super-Eddington energy deposition (via, e.g., unstable fusion, wave heating, or a binary companion) heats a region near the stellar surface. This appears to occur in luminous blue variables (LBVs), Type IIn supernovae progenitors, classical novae, and X-ray bursts. We show that when the wind kinetic power exceeds Eddington, the photons are trapped and behave… 

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...