Sun Protection Practices among Children with a Family History of Melanoma: a Pilot Study

  title={Sun Protection Practices among Children with a Family History of Melanoma: a Pilot Study},
  author={Beth A. Glenn and Roshan Bastani and L. Cindy Chang and Rachna Khanna and Katherine Chen},
  journal={Journal of Cancer Education},
The goal of this pilot study was to assess sun protection practices and correlates among children with a family history of melanoma, a high risk and understudied group. Sixty-eight melanoma cases, recruited through the Los Angeles County cancer registry, completed a survey. Survivors provided data on 110 children (mean age = 8.11 years). Although most children used sunscreen (79 %), half experienced a recent sunburn. The mean sun protection level for the sample was similar to levels observed… 

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Family members of melanoma patients are often called upon to provide support, ranging from monetary to medical assistance, but they have limited understanding of their melanoma risk and they demonstrate inadequate primary and secondary prevention behaviors.

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A multidisciplinary team’s process for creating a developmentally appropriate educational intervention about melanoma risk and prevention for children ages 8–17 years who have a family history of melanoma is described.

Family Attitudes and Communication about Sun Protection and Sun Protection Practices among Young Adult Melanoma Survivors and Their Family Members

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Interventions for family members at risk for melanoma might benefit from improving sun protection self-efficacy, reducing perceived sunbathing benefits, and targeting normative influences to sunbathe.

Predictors of sunscreen use in childhood.

Sunscreen use in parents is predictive of use in their children and relates more to experience with sunburn than with concerns about future skin cancer risk.

Sun Protection Practices Among Offspring of Women With Personal or Family History of Skin Cancer

Frequent sunburns, suboptimal sunscreen use, and high rates of tanning bed use are commonplace even among the children of health professionals who are at risk for developing skin cancer themselves as a result of personal or family history.

Factors Associated with Skin Cancer Prevention Practices in a Multiethnic Population

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Sun-protection behaviors used by adults for their children - United States, 1997

Although sunscreen use did not significantly change with the age of the child, the proportion of children using one or more sun-protection behaviors decreased with age, and sunscreen use in particular was more frequently reported for those same subgroups of children and for children with a family history of skin cancer.

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The majority of sunburn studies suggest a positive association between early age sunburn and subsequent risk of melanoma, and more recent studies suggest intermittent exposure to have a protective effect.

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The combination of expert review followed by cognitive interviewing yielded standardized core survey items with good clarity and applicability for measuring sun exposure and sun protection behaviors across a broad range of populations, appropriate for studies tracking morbidity and/or mortality and evaluating prevention program effects.

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Regular use of sun protection for children is infrequent and consists primarily of applying sunscreen rather than methods that reduce sun exposure, and parents primarily use sunscreen to prevent sunburn and may increase their children's overall sun exposure as a result.

Psychosocial Characteristics Associated with Sun Protection Practices Among Parents of Young Children

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