Summit Firn Caves, Mount Rainier, Washington

  title={Summit Firn Caves, Mount Rainier, Washington},
  author={Eugene P. Kiver and Martin Dale Mumma},
  pages={320 - 322}
Heat and steam from the crater fumaroles have melted over 5700 feet (1737 meters) of cave passage in the ice-filled east crater of Mount Rainier. The caves are in approximate balance with the present geothermal heat release. Future changes in the thermal activity of the summit cone will cause corresponding changes in cave passage dimensions, location, and ceiling and wall ablation features. 
Geothermal ice caves on Mt Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica
Abstract A 400-m-long system of ice caverns forms the subsurface extension of one of the many fumarolic ice towers on the summit plateau of Mt Erebus. The cave system consists of a series ofExpand
Geothermal activity in Victoria Land, Antarctica
Abstract Fumarolic ice towers and areas of steaming ground are the only surface manifestations of geothermal activity near the summits of Mounts Melbourne and Erebus, Victoria Land, Antarctica. TheExpand
Fumaroles in ice caves on the summit of Mount Rainier—preliminary stable isotope, gas, and geochemical studies
Abstract The edifice of Mount Rainier, an active stratovolcano, has episodically collapsed leading to major debris flows. The largest debris flows are related to argillically altered rock which leaveExpand
Formation and evolution of newly formed glaciovolcanic caves in the crater of Mount St. Helens, Washington, USA
Abstract. A new and extensive system of glaciovolcanic caves has developed around the 2004–2008 lava dome in the crater of Mount St. Helens, Washington, USA. These systems offer a rare view into aExpand
Melting of the glacier base during a small-volume subglacial rhyolite eruption: evidence from Bláhnúkur, Iceland
Abstract Although observations of recent volcanic eruptions beneath Vatnajokull, Iceland have improved the understanding of ice deformation and meltwater drainage, little is known about the processesExpand
Thermal power of Grímsvötn, Iceland, from 1998 to 2016: Quantifying the effects of volcanic activity and geothermal anomalies
Abstract Grimsvotn lies beneath the centre of the Vatnajokull ice cap, Iceland, and has for centuries been one of the most geothermally active calderas in the world as well as being Iceland's mostExpand
Possible terrestrial volcanic occurrences of gas clathrate hydrates
On the basis of the thermodynamic stability of hydrates of SO2, H2S and CO2, it is suggested that those compounds may be found in some terrestrial volcanic environments. Hydrates of SO2 and H2S mayExpand
Subglacial volcanic and geothermal activity: Measurement and modelling of heat flow
The EU Seventh Framework Marie Curie project NEMOH no. 289976, the Research Fund of the University of Iceland and Landsvirkjun power company.
Volcano-ice interaction as a microbial habitat on Earth and Mars.
The sedimentary and mineralogical deposits resulting from volcano-ice interaction have the potential to preserve evidence of any indigenous microbial populations and the potential for the detection of these environments on Mars and any biosignatures these deposits may contain is explored. Expand
Dissolution instability and roughening transition
We theoretically investigate the pattern formation observed when a fluid flows over a solid substrate that can dissolve or melt. We use a turbulent mixing description that includes the effect of theExpand


The Challenge of Rainier (Mountaineers, Seattle, in press); L
  • Speleol. Surv. Bull. 7,
  • 1970
Glacial and Periglacial Geomorphology (St
  • Martin's, New York,
  • 1968
Plummer's observations were cited by
  • U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap
  • 1963
Mountain Fever; Historic Conquests of Rainier
  • 1962
The Challenge of Rainier (Mountaineers, Seattle