Summer kill rates and predation pattern in a wolf–moose system: can we rely on winter estimates?

@article{Sand2008SummerKR,
  title={Summer kill rates and predation pattern in a wolf–moose system: can we rely on winter estimates?},
  author={H{\aa}kan Sand and Petter Wabakken and Barbara Zimmermann and {\"O}rjan Johansson and Hans Christian Pedersen and Olof Liberg},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2008},
  volume={156},
  pages={53-64}
}
So far the vast majority of studies on large carnivore predation, including kill rates and consumption, have been based on winter studies. Because large carnivores relying on ungulates as prey often show a preference for juveniles, kill rates may be both higher and more variable during the summer season than during the rest of the year leading to serious underestimates of the total annual predation rate. This study is the first to present detailed empirical data on kill rates and prey selection… CONTINUE READING

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