Sulfuric Acid Burns (Corrosion and Acute Irritation): Evidence-Based Overview to Management

  title={Sulfuric Acid Burns (Corrosion and Acute Irritation): Evidence-Based Overview to Management},
  author={Anna Flammiger and Howard I Maibach},
  journal={Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology},
  pages={55 - 61}
ABSTRACT Concentrated sulfuric acid causes severe skin injury. To prevent skin destruction, efficient early treatment is of utmost importance. However, regimens suggested in the literature are not always supported by experimental data. Further studies are needed. To improve early management of sulfuric acid burns, future experiments need careful extrapolation between animal skin and human skin. The benefit of water, neutralizer, or alternative agents has to be established by precisely defining… 
Sulfuric Acid Injury
The case of a young man whose desire to ‘clean his honor’ was manifested through the consumption of a large quantity of sulfuric acid drain cleaner, and although a myriad of physical findings were present at autopsy, the majority of these most likely represented the postmortem action of sulfurIC acid on tissues.
Skin Burns from Monochloroacetic Acid Leak in a Chemical Plant: a Case Report
With the widespread use of monochloroacetic acid in China, incidents of poisoning with this chemical are becoming increasingly common, with more than 100 cases reported in the past ten years in China alone.
Chemical skin burns
It is important for the physician to have knowledge of corrosive chemicals as well as of chemical burns with regard to their clinical manifestations, specific medical treatments, and preventive measures.
Irritant and Airborne Contact Dermatitis
Understanding and recognizing contact dermatitis is a vital tool in any healthcare provider’s armamentarium. Making the correct diagnosis will not only lead to the appropriate treatment of your
Evaluation of biomechanical and histological properties of corrosive chemical burns
It is demonstrated that the corrosive acid burns induced full thickness permanent dermal injury and significant losses in tensile strength and elasticity modulus and could be employed as a useful corrosive chemical wound model.
New trends in reconstructive surgery: report of a young woman with extensive sulfuric acid burns.
Function and aesthetic rehabilitation has been achieved in this patient with this plan of reconstruction and the purpose of the authors was functional and aesthetic Rehabilitation.
Ten-year epidemiology of chemical burns in western Zhejiang Province, China.
Epidemiology of burn injuries: Highlighting cultural and socio-demographic aspects
A majority of pediatric burns are scald injuries usually affecting very young children below the age of 5 years, and the behavioral patterns underlying this finding are discussed.
Melamine-(H2SO4)3/Melamine-(HNO3)3 Instead of H2SO4/HNO3: Benign System for Oxidation/Nitration Reactions from in situ NO2+
In spite of the tremendous importance of sulfuric and nitric acids, their uses are increasingly limited, due to concerns about worker safety. There is a fundamental need to find safer alternatives to


Cutaneous burns caused by sulfuric acid drain cleaner.
Highly concentrated sulfuric acid drain cleaner can produce full-thickness cutaneous burns that require skin grafting in the majority of cases, and their abuse as agents of assault remains a source of significant morbidity.
Chemical injuries: the Tasmanian burns unit experience
A review of patients with chemical injuries admitted to the Tasmanian Burns Unit at the Royal Hobart Hospital was carried out and widespread inexperience in the treatment of chemical injuries highlights the potential for greater levels of knowledge.
Chemical burns: effect of prompt first aid.
The patients receiving appropriate first aid showed significantly less full-thickness injury and more than twofold shorter hospital stay, indicating the importance of public and industrial medical awareness of the role of immediate copious lavage.
Chemical burns: retrospective review.
Alkali were the most frequent cause of burns, followed by sulfuric acid and, less often, gasoline, anhydrous ammonia, white phosphorus, and hydrofluoric acid.
Effects of washing acid injuries to the skin with water: an experimental study using rats.
Epidemiology of industrial burns in Brisbane.
In vivo skin decontamination of methylene bisphenyl isocyanate (MDI): soap and water ineffective compared to polypropylene glycol, polyglycol-based cleanser, and corn oil.
A traditional soap-and-water wash and the emergency water shower are relatively ineffective at removing MDI from the skin, consistent with the partial miscibility of MDI in corn oil and polyglycols.
An experimental study of chemical burns.
The opportunity to study acid and alkali bums was eagerly accepted when the Department of Surgery was approached by the medical officers Of the Cape Division of African Explosives and Chemical Industries to carry out such investigations.
Relevance of Hairless Mouse as an Experimental Model of Percutaneous Penetration in Man
To obtain a clearer view on the suitability of the hairless mouse model in skin penetration studies, it should be useful to study this issue prospectively in a systematic fashion.
What is evidence-based dermatology?
  • B. Marinovic
  • Psychology
    Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica : ADC
  • 2005
The toolbox at the beginning of the book explaining how to critically appraise different studies, along with the comprehensive reviewing and appraisal of evidence in the clinical chapters makes this