Sulfur emissions to the atmosphere from natural sourees

  title={Sulfur emissions to the atmosphere from natural sourees},
  author={Timothy S. Bates and Brian K. Lamb and Alex B. Guenther and Jane Dignon and R. E. Stoiber},
  journal={Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry},
Emissions of sulfur gases from both natural and anthropogenic sources strongly influence the chemistry of the atmosphere. To assess the relative importance of these sources we have combined the measurements of sulfur gases and fluxes during the past decade to create a global emission inventory. The inventory, which is divided into 12 latitude belts, takes into account the seasonal dependence of sulfur emissions from biogenic sources. The total emissions of sulfur gases from natural sources are… 

Natural sulfur emissions to the atmosphere of the continental United States

Seasonal emissions of biogenic sulfur gases from marine and terrestrial sources were assessed for 13 regions of the continental United States. The resulting inventory was compared to volcanic and

From local to global scale - marine emissions of the climate relevant sulfur gases carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide and dimethyl sulfide

Oceanic emissions of sulfur containing trace gases alter global atmospheric chemistry. The gases act for example as aerosol precursors and change the radiative budget of the Earth, with a significant

Global inventory of sulfur emissions with 1°×1° resolution

A global inventory of gaseous sulfur emissions with 1°×1° resolution is described. Emissions from fuel combustion and industrial activities are estimated for countries where no detailed inventories

Kinetics and Mechanisms of the Oxidation of Gaseous Sulfur Compounds

The problems associated with global climate change in general, and acid rain in particular, have led to a great deal of research on the atmospheric and combustion chemistry of sulfur. Developments

A compilation of inventories of emissions to the atmosphere

Detailed and accurate emissions inventories are essential for reliable computer dispersion model simulation of the behavior of chemically and radiatively important atmospheric species. Currently,

Inventorying emissions from nature in Europe

As part of the work of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations Task Force on Emission Inventories, a new set of guidelines has been developed for assessing the emissions of sulphur,

The cycling of sulfur in surface seawater of the northeast Pacific

Oceanic dimethylsulfide (DMS) emissions to the atmosphere are potentially important to the Earth's radiative balance. Since these emissions are driven by the surface seawater concentration of DMS, it



The Ocean as a Source of Atmospheric Sulfur Compounds

The impact of human activity on the global atmospheric sulfur cycle is easily seen in densely inhabited, industrialized regions: the degradation of visibility by haze, the acidity of atmospheric

Emissions of marine biogenic sulfur to the atmosphere of northern Europe

Measurements of DMS and other reduced sulfur compounds in surface waters have been carried out from a helicopter in the seas surrounding Scandinavia. Average summer time concentrations of DMS ranged

Global Emissions of Nitrogen and Sulfur Oxides in Fossil Fuel Combustion 1970–1986

Statistical models previously introduced by the authors for estimating emission rates from rates of fuel combustion have been utilized to obtain emissions of nitrogen and sulfur gases in fossil fuel

Production rate of airborne sea‐salt sulfur deduced from chemical analysis of marine aerosols and precipitation

On the basis of a thorough compilation of the results of measurements of marine aerosols and precipitation, the total sulfur deposition into the oceans is estimated to be 180–350 Tg S yr−1. From this


Statistical models have been developed that relate the rate of emissions of a pollutant to the rate of fuel consumption. These relations may be used to estimate emissions in other regions, or at

The role of the ocean in a regional sulfur cycle

Dimethylsulfide (DMS) concentrations were measured in ocean waters along the West Coast of the United States on three cruises during 1983 and 1984. Concentrations in surface waters ranged from 13 to

Nitrogen and sulfur emissions from the burning of forest products near large urban areas

Airborne measuremens of trace gases and particles in the smoke from a prescribed burn of forest products in the Los Angeles basin show significantly higher emissions of NOx, SO2, and particulate NO3