Sulfo-SMCC Prevents Annealing of Taxol-Stabilized Microtubules In Vitro

Abstract

Microtubule structure and functions have been widely studied in vitro and in cells. Research has shown that cysteines on tubulin play a crucial role in the polymerization of microtubules. Here, we show that blocking sulfhydryl groups of cysteines in taxol-stabilized polymerized microtubules with a commonly used chemical crosslinker prevents temporal end-to-end annealing of microtubules in vitro. This can dramatically affect the length distribution of the microtubules. The crosslinker sulfosuccinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidomethyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylate, sulfo-SMCC, consists of a maleimide and an N-hydroxysuccinimide ester group to bind to sulfhydryl groups and primary amines, respectively. Interestingly, addition of a maleimide dye alone does not show the same interference with annealing in stabilized microtubules. This study shows that the sulfhydryl groups of cysteines of tubulin that are vital for the polymerization are also important for the subsequent annealing of microtubules.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161623

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@inproceedings{Prabhune2016SulfoSMCCPA, title={Sulfo-SMCC Prevents Annealing of Taxol-Stabilized Microtubules In Vitro}, author={Meenakshi Prabhune and Kerstin von Roden and Florian Rehfeldt and Christoph F Schmidt}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2016} }