Suicides and Firearm Control Laws

@article{Medoff1983SuicidesAF,
  title={Suicides and Firearm Control Laws},
  author={Marshall H. Medoff and Joseph P. Magaddino},
  journal={Evaluation Review},
  year={1983},
  volume={7},
  pages={357 - 372}
}
This article empirically examines the relationship between suicides and firearm control laws. Firearm license to purchase or waiting period to purchase laws were found to reduce a state's suicide rate of white males aged 20-64 by three suicides per 100, 000 population. Examination of the suicide rates in the six states designated by the National Rifle Association as having the most restrictive controls over firearm purchases and all other states found that the suicide rate was lower by… Expand

Tables from this paper

Suicide and firearm prevalence: are youth disproportionately affected?
TLDR
Examination of the relationship between suicide rates and household firearm ownership for four age groups in the nine census regions from 1979 to 1994 suggested that if the relationship is causal, a 10% fall in regional firearm ownership levels would lead to a 3.0% decrease in suicide rates. Expand
Gun-Control Legislation and the Impact on Suicide.
TLDR
It is concluded that, although not equally applicable in all countries, gun control may well have significant applications in reducing suicide worldwide. Expand
State firearm laws and rates of suicide in men and women.
TLDR
Results support the hypothesis that state restrictions on firearms have the potential to reduce the suicide rate and do not support a hypothesis that greater firearm restrictions are associated with the substitution of alternative methods of suicide. Expand
An Update on the Impact of Gun Control Legislation on Suicide
TLDR
The findings support gun control measures as a strategy for reducing suicide rates following implementation of a variety of firearm control laws. Expand
The relationship between firearms and suicide: A review of the literature
TLDR
A detailed review of the most commonly cited, representative, and thorough empirical studies in the published peer-reviewed literature relating firearms and suicide, focusing largely on the United States, finds that the availability of firearms is a potential risk factor for completed suicide. Expand
Suicide and increased availability of handguns in the United States.
TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that the rise in handguns has led to an increase in gun suicides, but do not permit a choice between two further competing hypotheses: that more people are now committing suicide because there are more handguns available or, that people who would otherwise have killed themselves in some different way are now using guns. Expand
Suicide in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1951 through 1985.
TLDR
During the 35-year period 1951 through 1985, 274 completed suicides occurred among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, and the overall age- and sex-adjusted incidence was similar to the national averages. Expand
Firearms laws and the reduction of violence: a systematic review.
TLDR
The Task Force found the evidence available from identified studies was insufficient to determine the effectiveness of any of the firearms laws reviewed singly or in combination. Expand
Epidemiological surveillance of suicides and attempted suicides in Aquitaine, south-west France, using an original computer network of sentinel general practitioners.
TLDR
A high rate of antecedents of suicide attempts by drug overdoses, hangings and drownings; and no antecedent for attempts by the use of firearms are found, which may show that the increasing accessibility of firearms is making it more likely that impulsive suicide attempts will be lethal. Expand
The Technology of Personal Violence
  • P. Cook
  • Engineering
  • Crime and Justice
  • 1991
Over 30,000 deaths each year result from gunshot wounds. Two decades of systematic research on weapons and personal violence indicate a pervasive influence of weapon type on the patterns and outcomesExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
Handguns, Gun Control Laws and Firearm Violence
This paper explores the relationship between access to handguns, gun control laws, and the incidence of violence associated with firearms. Utilizing F.B.I. data, census materials, vital statisticsExpand
Firearms and Federal Law: The Gun Control Act of 1968
  • F. Zimring
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Legal Studies
  • 1975
First, it is an attempt to increase our rather modest knowledge of the effects of governmental efforts to control firearms violence. In recent years the rate of gun violence in the United States hasExpand
An Economic Theory of Suicide
Although sociologists have developed and tested numerous theories about suicide, economists have not analyzed this phenomenon. We derive an economic theory of suicide and test its implications using:Expand
The Effectiveness of State and Local Regulation of Handguns: A Statistical Analysis
One aspect of the continuing debate over weapons control, apart from Constitutional issues, is whether legislation is inherently capable of reducing crime and deaths by shooting. The opponents ofExpand
Capital Punishment, Gun Ownership, and Homicide
  • G. Kleck
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1979
Several issues are examined: (1) the deterrent (or other preventive) effect of the death penalty, (2) the relationship between the level of gun ownership and the homicide rate, and (3) theExpand
The Effect of Massachusetts' Gun Control Law On Gun-Related Crimes in the City of Boston
The impact on gun-related crime of legislative changes involving Massachusetts' Gun Control Law is evaluated. Viewing crime rates as realizations from some underlying stochastic processes, aExpand
Vital Statistics of the United States
THE summary of vital statistics of the United States for 1938, recently published (Public Health Rep., 55, 933; 1940), gives the following information. There were 2,286,962 births and 1,381,391Expand
Some Tests for Homoscedasticity
Abstract Two exact tests are presented for testing the hypothesis that the residuals from a least squares regression are homoscedastic. The results can be used to test the hypothesis that a linearExpand
The Government Printing Office
• The official journals of government are produced at their 1.5 million square foot plant, the largest industrial facility in the District. There are significant issues of outdated plant andExpand
Firearm control laws and violent crimes
  • MEDOFF
  • 1983
...
1
2
3
...