Suicide on TV: minimising the risk to vulnerable viewers

  title={Suicide on TV: minimising the risk to vulnerable viewers},
  author={Florian Arendt and Sebastian Scherr and Benedikt Till and Yvonne Prinzellner and Kevin W. Hines and Thomas Niederkrotenthaler},
  journal={British Medical Journal},
International media guidance should be strengthened, implemented, and enforced 
Why we must defend suicide in fiction
It is argued that 13 Reasons Why violates guidelines for suicide portrayal in the media and might inspire increased risk behaviours in some vulnerable young people.
Thirteen Reasons Why: The impact of suicide portrayal on adolescents' mental health.
The influence of media portrayals of suicide on adolescents' mood is investigated, focusing on the case of 13 Reasons Why, a webseries that raised concerns for approaching suicide explicitly for an audience mostly composed of adolescents.
Examining the Self-Harm and Suicide Contagion Effects of the Blue Whale Challenge on YouTube and Twitter: Qualitative Study
These posts might have the problematic effect of normalizing the blue whale challenge through repeated exposure, modeling, and reinforcement of self-harming and suicidal behaviors, especially among vulnerable populations such as adolescents.
Construction and Validation of an Analytical Grid about Video Representations of Suicide (“MoVIES”)
The MoVIES is available to scholars as a valid, reliable, and useful tool to estimate the amount of at-risk components of fictional suicidal behavior depicted in films, series, or television shows.
Association of Increased Youth Suicides in the United States With the Release of 13 Reasons Why.
The suicide increase in youth only and the signal of a potentially larger increase in young females all appear to be consistent with a contagion by media and seem to reinforce the need for collaboration toward improving fictional portrayals of suicide.
13 Reasons Why: can a TV show about suicide be ‘dangerous’? What are the moral obligations of a producer?
The release of the Netflix’s show 13 Reasons Why caused significant public concern about the risk of suicide contagion among teenagers – particularly those who have suicidal thoughts. Practitioners
Suicide Risk Assessment and Management
A s psychiatrists, our stock-in-trade is understanding our patients’ motives—and in general, understanding what makes people “tick.” So, it may seem surprising that when it comes to mass shootings,
Suicides in Young People in Ontario Following the Release of “13 Reasons Why”
The statistical strength of the findings here is limited by small numbers; however, the results are in line with what has been observed in the United States and what would be expected if contagion were occurring.
Using a television programme as a tool to increase perceived awareness of mental health and well-being - findings from 'Our Mental Health' survey.
A documentary addressingmental health and suicidal behaviour, which incorporates real life identifiable stories of resilience and recovery, has the potential to impact positively on emotional well-being and general mood, to reduce stigma related to mental health and to encourage help-seeking behaviour.
Investigating harmful and helpful effects of watching season 2 of 13 Reasons Why: Results of a two-wave U.S. panel survey.
RATIONALE The Netflix show 13 Reasons Why (2017) aroused widespread concern regarding potential contagious effects of its graphic depiction of an adolescent girl's suicide and the events that led to


Internet Searches for Suicide Following the Release of 13 Reasons Why
This quasiexperimental examination of internet search results determines that the Netflix series 13 Reasons Why has both increased suicide awareness while unintentionally increasing suicidal ideation.
Suicide and the media. Part II: Portrayal in fictional media.
This review considered 34 studies examining the impact of fictional portrayal of suicide in fictional media and actual suicidal behavior and found that the evidence was more equivocal than was the case for nonfictional reporting.
German doctors condemn internet TV series depicting teenage suicide
Two psychiatric societies and a paediatrics association in Germany have condemned a new internet television series about a 17 year old girl who dies by suicide, saying that the series could trigger
The influence of suggestion on suicide: substantive and theoretical implications of the Werther effect.
  • D. Phillips
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American sociological review
  • 1974
The evidence indicates that the rise in suicides is due to the influence of suggestion on suicide, an influence not previously demonstrated on the national level of suicides.
Determining the effects of films with suicidal content: a laboratory experiment.
The effects of suicide-related media material seem to vary with individual vulnerability and with type of media portrayal; individuals with lower vulnerability experience more emotional reactions when exposed to a film culminating in suicide, but individuals with higher vulnerability experience a rise in suicidal tendencies particularly if they identify with the protagonist who died by suicide.
Role of media reports in completed and prevented suicide: Werther v. Papageno effects.
The impact of suicide reporting may not be restricted to harmful effects; rather, coverage of positive coping in adverse circumstances, as covered in media items about suicidal ideation, may have protective effects.
Newspaper coverage of suicide and initiation of suicide clusters in teenagers in the USA, 1988-96: a retrospective, population-based, case-control study.
The identification of an association between newspaper reports about suicide (including specific story characteristics) and the initiation of teenage suicide clusters should provide an empirical basis to support efforts by mental health professionals, community officials, and the media to work together to identify and prevent the onset of suicide clusters.
The Werther effect after television films: new evidence for an old hypothesis.
It was possible to prove the Werther effect in suicides after watching fictional models for the first time, and the effect steadily decreased in the older age groups, so that no effect was observable for males over 40 years and females over 30 years.
Blue whale: should you be worried about online pressure groups?
  • 2017
Briefing in connection with the Netflix series 13 Reasons Why
  • 2017