Suicide in the home in relation to gun ownership.

  title={Suicide in the home in relation to gun ownership.},
  author={Arthur L Kellermann and Frederick P. Rivara and Grant Somes and Donald T. Reay and Jerry T. Francisco and Joyce G. Banton and Janice Prodzinski and Corinne L Fligner and Bela B. Hackman},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  volume={327 7},
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that limiting access to firearms could prevent many suicides, but this belief is controversial. To assess the strength of the association between the availability of firearms and suicide, we studied all suicides that took place in the homes of victims in Shelby County, Tennessee, and King County, Washington, over a 32-month period. METHODS For each suicide victim (case subject), we obtained data from police or the medical examiner and interviewed a proxy… 

Gun Ownership as a Risk Factor for Homicide in the Home

To study risk factors for homicide in the home, homicides occurring in the homes of victims in three metropolitan counties were identified and data obtained from the police or medical examiner and interviewed a proxy for the victim.

Injuries and deaths due to firearms in the home.

Guns kept in homes are more likely to be involved in a fatal or nonfatal accidental shooting, criminal assault, or suicide attempt than to be used to injure or kill in self-defense.

Suicide by firearms on the island of Crete: a 9-year record.

The proportion of firearm suicides on the island of Crete, Southern Greece, well-known for its widespread gun ownership is estimated and the victims' sociodemographic profile and firearm-related suicide variables are described to assess the severity of suicidal intention in the group.

Homicide and Suicide Risks Associated With Firearms in the Home: A National

Having a gun at home is a risk factor for adults to be shot fatally (gun homicide) or commit suicide with a firearm or both and Physicians should continue to discuss with patients the implications of keeping guns at home.

Weapon involvement in home invasion crimes.

Although firearms are often kept in the home for protection, they are rarely used for this purpose and measures that increase the difficulty of forced entry or enhance the likelihood of detection could be useful to prevent these crimes.

Access to Firearms and the Risk of Suicide: A Case Control Study

For this sample, access to a firearm was not associated with a significant increase in the risk of suicide, although such access was associated with an increased probability that gunshot would be chosen as the method of suicide attempt.

The association between the purchase of a handgun and homicide or suicide.

Legal purchase of a handgun appears to be associated with a long-lasting increased risk of violent death.

Guns, alcohol, and intimate partner violence: the epidemiology of female suicide in New Mexico.

Interpersonal conflict was documented in over 25% of cases, indicating that studies of the mortality of intimate partner violence should include victims of both suicide and homicide deaths to fully characterize the mortality patterns of intimacy partner violence.

Firearms and fatalities.

To the Editor. —The work of Dr Hargarten and colleagues 1 points to the significance of firearm availability as a critical public health concern. The availability of firearms and the corresponding



Protection or peril? An analysis of firearm-related deaths in the home.

To study the epidemiology of deaths involving firearms kept in the home, King County, Washington was reviewed from 1978 through 1983, with a total of 743 firearm-related deaths, 54 percent of which occurred in the residence where the firearm was kept.

Effects of restrictive licensing of handguns on homicide and suicide in the District of Columbia.

BACKGROUND Whether restricting access to handguns will reduce firearm-related homicides and suicides is currently a matter of intense debate. In 1976 the District of Columbia adopted a law that

Firearm regulations and rates of suicide. A comparison of two metropolitan areas.

It is concluded that restricting access to handguns might be expected to reduce the suicide rate in persons 15 to 24 years old, but that it probably would not reduce the overall suicide rate.

Validating survey responses to questions about gun ownership among owners of registered handguns.

It is concluded that, at least among registered gun owners, respondent answers to questions about gun ownership are generally valid and that survey data of this type can be utilized with confidence.

The increasing rate of suicide by firearms.

  • J. Boyd
  • Psychology
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 1983
An examination of types of suicide shows that only the rate of suicide by means of firearms has risen continuously over this period, and the hypothesis that this striking increase in suicide by firearms could have been due to an increase in self-inflicted firearm accidents that were mis diagnosed as suicide is rejected.

Violent death in a metropolitan county: II. Changing patterns in suicides (1959-1974).

Suicide rates in Cuyahoga County (metropolitan Cleveland) rose from 10.2 in 1958 to 12.5 per 100,000 populations in 1974 (23 per cent increase) with the greatest rise among nonwhite males with the largest increase among white males and suburban white females.

Guns and suicide: possible effects of some specific legislation.

Data from Toronto and San Diego indicate that gun control legislation may have led to decreased use of guns by suicidal men, but the difference was apparently offset by an increase in suicide by leaping, supporting a hypothesis of substitution of suicide method.

Firearms and suicide in the United States.

Regional United States suicide rates in the mid 1970s were associated with the household prevalence of all guns and of pistols, and a literature review suggests that the relation may be etiologic.

Risk factors for adolescent suicide. A comparison of adolescent suicide victims with suicidal inpatients.

A profile of psychiatric patients at high risk for suicide, and the proper identification and treatment of such patients may prevent suicide in high-risk clinical populations are suggested.

Estimating the effectiveness of interventions to prevent youth suicides.

Suicide is the second leading cause of death for persons 15-24 years of age in the United States.' More than 1 in every 1,000 children will die by suicide before reaching the age of 25 years. This