Suicide in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  title={Suicide in Autism Spectrum Disorders},
  author={Sami Richa and Mario Fahed and Elias Khoury and Brian L. Mishara},
  journal={Archives of Suicide Research},
  pages={327 - 339}
This review focuses on suicide in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as well as risk factors and comorbidities of persons with ASD who have attempted suicide. Research was conducted by searching PubMed and Psychinfo for articles. Suicide in ASD is largely understudied. Although suicide is common in clinical samples, we have little knowledge of suicide in persons with ASD in the general population. Comorbidity, particularly with depression and other affective disorders or schizoid… 
A case study of suicidality presenting as a restricted interest in autism Spectrum disorder
This case-study suggests that specific clinical and neuropsychological dimensions might be related to suicidal behaviors in ASD, and suggests new tools need to be developed to assess persistent suicidal thoughts in this population, as they might berelated to intrinsic features of ASD.
Suicidality in Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Commentary
Recent studies report a higher prevalence of suicidality (ideation, attempts and deaths by suicide) among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than in the general population.
Assessment of Suicidal Behaviors Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Denmark.
This nationwide retrospective cohort study found a higher rate of suicide attempt and suicide among persons with ASD and Psychiatric comorbidity was found to be a major risk factor.
Mood symptoms and suicidality across the autism spectrum.
Anxiety, Depression, and the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide in a Community Sample of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
The need for widespread screening and intervention services for co-occurring psychiatric conditions in adults with autism spectrum disorder and application of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide is suggested.
Challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of depression in autism spectrum disorders across the lifespan
Typical presentations of depression in individuals with ASD are described, current information on the prevalence, assessment, and treatment of comorbid depression in Individuals with ASD is reviewed, and important research gaps are identified.
Psychiatric Comorbidities in Children With ASD: Autism Centre Experience
This brief research report of a cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the psychiatric comorbidity prevalence and describe their general characteristics in children with ASD in the Autism Centre in Montenegro.
Suicide Risk in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Exploratory Discussion
Autism Spectrum Disorder affects an individual’s development and creates a unique set of daily challenges and stressors.  The chronic strain of this disorder can contribute to increased suicide risk.
Systematic Review of Suicide in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Current Trends and Implications
An up-to-date systematic review was conducted for studies examining suicide in ASD that were published in the past 5 years, including a shift to the use of larger cohorts, including one population-based study.
Prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders among people with autism spectrum disorder: An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
A high burden of comorbid psychiatric disorders among people with ASD, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, bipolar and mood disorders, schizophrenia spectrum, suicidal behavior disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, disruptive, impulse-control and conduct disorders amongst diverse age groups are revealed.


AUTISM Spectrum Disorders and Suicidality
Although it is not clear whether the high suicidal risk is related with ASDs per se or with psychotic symptoms, a high index of suspicion is warranted in evaluating suicidal risk in patients affected by ASDs, whatever is their age, psychiatric comorbidity, and setting of visit.
Suicide ideation and attempts in children with psychiatric disorders and typical development.
It is important for professionals to routinely screen all children and adolescents who have psychiatric disorders for suicide ideation and attempts and to treat the underlying psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk.
Suicidal behavior in children and adolescents with developmental disorders.
  • A. Hardan, R. Sahl
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Research in developmental disabilities
  • 1999
Suicide Ideation and Attempts in Children with Autism.
Affective disorders in people with autism: A review of published cases
Difficulties in diagnosing affective disorders in autistic people are presented and suggestions are made for diagnosis, treatment, and research.
High rates of psychiatric co-morbidity in individuals with Asperger's disorder.
  • N. M. Mukaddes, R. Fateh
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry
  • 2010
The results of this study highlight the need for detailed assessment of additional psychiatric disorders in this population of individuals diagnosed with Asperger's disorder.
Mortality and causes of death in autism spectrum disorders
The mortality risk among those with ASD was nearly twice that of the general population and the SMR was particularly high in females, which should focus on better managing of the complex relationships between ASD and physical illness to prevent avoidable deaths.
Early diagnosis of autism and impact on prognosis: a narrative review
There is limited evidence that any of the broadband “early intervention” programs are effective in changing the natural long-term outcome for many individuals with an early diagnosis of autism, but there is some evidence that Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) is an effective treatment for some children with ASD.
Risk Factors for Suicide and Attempted Suicide among Young People
  • A. Beautrais
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 2000
Current research evidence suggests that the strongest risk factors for youth suicide are mental disorders (in particular, affective disorders, substance use disorders and antisocial behaviours) and a history of psychopathology, indicating that priorities for intervening to reduce youth suicidal behaviours lie with interventions focused upon the improved recognition, treatment and management of young people with mental disorders.