Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders. A meta-analysis.

@article{Harris1997SuicideAA,
  title={Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders. A meta-analysis.},
  author={E. C. Harris and B. Barraclough},
  journal={The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science},
  year={1997},
  volume={170},
  pages={
          205-28
        }
}
BACKGROUND Mental disorders have a strong association with suicide. This meta-analysis, or statistical overview, of the literature gives an estimate of the suicide risk of the common mental disorders. METHOD We searched the medical literature to find reports on the mortality of mental disorders. English language reports were located on MEDLINE (1966-1993) with the search terms mental disorders', 'brain injury', 'eating disorders', 'epilepsy', 'suicide attempt', 'psychosurgery', with… Expand
Review: risk for suicide is increased for most mental disorders where patients require treatment in a hospital setting
TLDR
To determine the risk for suicide among patients with common mental disorders, English language studies were identified by searching Index Medicus and Medline using the termsmental disorders, mortality, follow up, brain injury, eating disorders, epilepsy, suicide attempt, and psychosurgery. Expand
Schizophrenia and suicide.
  • Y. Balhara, R. Verma
  • Medicine
  • East Asian archives of psychiatry : official journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists = Dong Ya jing shen ke xue zhi : Xianggang jing shen ke yi xue yuan qi kan
  • 2012
TLDR
A review of the impact of specific pharmacotherapeutic agents and non-pharmacological interventions on the suicidal behaviour of individuals with schizophrenia is presented, finding that the role of schizophrenia subtype in suicidal risk remains controversial. Expand
Association of alcohol and drug use disorders and completed suicide: an empirical review of cohort studies.
TLDR
Additional studies on the association of suicide and mixed drug use, heavy drinking, and alcohol use disorders in women augmented the findings of Harris and Barraclough, along with a novel estimate for intravenousdrug use, a byproduct of intensive research on HIV in the past decade. Expand
Mental disorders and suicide in Japan: a nation-wide psychological autopsy case-control study.
TLDR
Most mental disorders, particularly mood disorder, were significantly associated with a greater risk of suicide in Japan, independent of physical conditions, according to a nationwide psychological autopsy case-control study. Expand
Schizophrenia and suicide: systematic review of risk factors.
TLDR
Prevention of suicide in schizophrenia is likely to result from treatment of affective symptoms, improving adherence to treatment, and maintaining special vigilance in patients with risk factors, especially after losses, according to the international literature on case-control and cohort studies. Expand
Case register study of suicide risk in mental disorders.
  • D. Baxter, L. Appleby
  • Medicine
  • The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
  • 1999
TLDR
The suicide risks estimated in this study are generally higher than those previously reported, notably in schizophrenia and personality disorder, and in previous in-patients. Expand
Psychiatric disorders in patients presenting to hospital following self-harm: a systematic review.
TLDR
Most self-harm patients have psychiatric disorders, as found in people dying by suicide, and depression and anxiety disorders are particularly common, together with ADHD and conduct disorder in adolescents. Expand
Mental disorder in elderly suicides: a case-control study.
TLDR
The findings of this study suggest that elderly individuals who commit suicide represent a heterogeneous group with regard to mental disorders, implying a need for differentiated prevention strategies. Expand
[Suicides among patients with mental disorders - case studies].
TLDR
Risk of suicide in mental disorders requires the implementation conduct standards in a suicide crisis and evaluation of risk factors is the basis of therapeutic action and determines how to support patients with a risk of suicidal death. Expand
Mental Illness and Suicide
Most suicides are marked by two or more mental disorders; 87 percent of suicides involve at least one. The most common of these disorders is depression; major depression increases the odds of suicideExpand
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