Suicidality in people surviving a traumatic brain injury: Prevalence, risk factors and implications for clinical management

  title={Suicidality in people surviving a traumatic brain injury: Prevalence, risk factors and implications for clinical management},
  author={Grahame Kenneth Simpson and Robyn L Tate},
  journal={Brain Injury},
  pages={1335 - 1351}
Background: A systematic search was conducted of the literature addressing suicidality after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Results from population-based studies found that people with TBI have an increased risk of death by suicide (3–4 times greater than for the general population), as well as significantly higher levels of suicide attempts and suicide ideation. Clinical studies have also reported high levels of suicide attempts (18%) and clinically significant suicide ideation (21–22%) in TBI… 
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    Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
  • 2022
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It is suggested that the detection and treatment of depressive disorders is the most important factor in preventing suicide among patients with acute life-threatening physical illnesses.
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The data suggest that suicidal behavior and TBI share antecedent risk factors: hostility and aggression, and future studies may yield confirmation using a prospective design.
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Individuals with a history of traumatic brain injury have significantly higher occurrence for psychiatric disorders and suicide attempts in comparison with those without head injury and have a poorer quality of life.
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