Suicidal asphyxiation with helium: Report of three cases

  title={Suicidal asphyxiation with helium: Report of three cases},
  author={M. Grassberger and A. Krauskopf},
  journal={Wiener klinische Wochenschrift},
ZusammenfassungDas Edelgas Helium wird unter anderem in der Medizin bei obstruktiven Atemwegserkrankungen, als Teil eines Gasgemisches beim Tiefseetauchen und als Ballongas verwendet. In den letzten Jahren wurde die Inhalation von Helium als effektive und schmerzlose Suizidmethode von Befürwortern des selbst bestimmten Sterbens propagiert. Das Edelgas Helium führt durch die Verdrängung von Sauerstoff und Kohlendioxid in der Atemluft schnell zu Bewusstseinsverlust und Asphyxie. Wir berichten… Expand
Tod in Tüten
ZusammenfassungHelium wird als Hilfsmittel zum „sicheren und sanften“ Suizid weltweit von Sterbehelfern empfohlen und im Internet als „moderne, schnelle und schmerzlose“ SelbsttötungsmethodeExpand
Not carried away by a moonlight shadow: no evidence for associations between suicide occurrence and lunar phase among more than 65,000 suicide cases in Austria, 1970–2006
ZusammenfassungHINTERGRUND: Der Glaube an Einflüsse der Mondphasen auf abnormales Verhalten (z.B. "Mondsucht") ist alt, weitverbreitet, medienpropagiert, auffallend häufig in denExpand
Suicide by Asphyxiation Due to Helium Inhalation
The 10 asphyxial suicides involving helium identified in North Carolina tended to occur almost exclusively in non-Hispanic, white men who were relatively young and suffered from psychiatric and/or substance use disorders. Expand
Medical Findings and Toxicological Analysis in Infant Death by Balloon Gas Asphyxia: A Case Report.
A triple infant homicide in which helium, as balloon gas, was administered to three young children after sedation causing asphyxiation and death is described through the medical findings and toxicological analysis. Expand
Suicidal deaths due to helium inhalation
Most current methods for collecting biological specimens and identifying the gas seem to be insufficient to give definite opinions in cases of helium asphyxiation, and more attempts should be made to modify these methods in order to improve and facilitate detection and quantitative determination of helium and other inert gases. Expand
Two cases of suicide by asphyxiation due to helium and argon.
In absence of analytical data supporting helium exposure, the causes of death in the actual cases were found to be asphyxia and in both cases the manner was suicide. Expand
Death by self-inflicted asphyxia with helium – First case reports from Norway and review of the literature
ABSTRACT An increasing number of asphyxia suicides by inhalation of inert gases have been reported from different parts of the world over the last decade. So far this phenomenon has not beenExpand
Gas embolism as a potential cause of death by helium poisoning - Postmortem computed tomography changes in two cases of suicidal helium inhalation.
The results reported by the authors are consistent with massive gas embolism similar to changes presented in cases of decompression illness, and they suggest this as the cause of death in helium inhalation cases. Expand
Survivor from asphyxiation due to helium inhalation
In this rare case report we describe a 27- year-old white man survived to suicide by asphyxiation using the so-called suicide bag (or exit bag ) filled with helium supplied through a plastic tube. HeExpand
Assisted suicide by oxygen deprivation with helium at a Swiss right-to-die organisation
The dying process of oxygen deprivation with helium is potentially quick and appears painless and bypasses the prescribing role of physicians, effectively demedicalising assisted suicide. Expand


Asphyxial Suicide with Helium and a Plastic Bag
A suicide performed according to this new and highly lethal technique, which is also a potentially undetectable cause of death, is reported. Expand
Suicide with inert gases: addendum to Final Exit.
7 fatalities are reported throughout an 18-month period involving plastic bag suffocation in conjunction with helium use, and these fatalities coincide with publication of an update to a popular right-to-die text in which this method is described. Expand
Suicidal asphyxiation by using pure helium gas: case report, review, and discussion of the influence of the internet.
A case of suicidal asphyxiation by forced replacement of oxygen with helium by using a complex homemade mask is reported after a young woman researched suicide on the Internet and found an advocated method of suicide using helium. Expand
Knight's Forensic Pathology
The Forensic Autopsy The Pathophysiology of Death The Establishment of Identity of Human Remains The Pathology of Wounds Head and Spinal Injuries Chest and Abdominal Injuries Self-Inflicted InjuryExpand
Opportunities and risks of using heliox in your clinical practice.
  • J. Fink
  • Medicine
  • Respiratory care
  • 2006
This paper reviews devices required to administer heliox and considers how devices designed to deliver air and/or oxygen have been adapted for use with heliox. Expand
Increase in suicide by asphyxiation in New York City after the publication of Final Exit.
Coverage of suicides in the news media has been linked with a subsequent increase in suicides,1,2 but there has been some controversy about these studies3. Recently, Dr. Jack Kevorkian and others w...
Knight's Forensic Pathology, 3Ed
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Physiological limitations to underwater exploration and work.
  • P. B. Bennett
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  • Comparative biochemistry and physiology. A, Comparative physiology
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The effect of helium inhalation on asphyxia in dogs.