Suggestive interviewing in the McMartin Preschool and Kelly Michaels daycare abuse cases: A case study

@article{Schreiber2006SuggestiveII,
  title={Suggestive interviewing in the McMartin Preschool and Kelly Michaels daycare abuse cases: A case study},
  author={Nadja Schreiber and Lisa D. Bellah and Yolanda C Martinez and Kristen A. McLaurin and Renata Strok and Sena Garven and James M Wood},
  journal={Social Influence},
  year={2006},
  volume={1},
  pages={16 - 47}
}
In the 1980s and early 1990s the United States witnessed an outbreak of bizarre “daycare abuse” cases in which groups of young children levelled allegations of sexual and Satanic abuse against their teachers. In the present study, quantitative analyses were performed on a total of 54 interview transcripts from two highly publicised daycare cases (McMartin Preschool and Kelly Michaels) and a comparison group of child sexual abuse cases from a Child Protection Service (CPS). Confirming the… Expand
Avoiding Problems in Child Abuse Interviews and Investigations
In 1983 a mother suffering from serious mental illness alleged that Raymond Buckey, a teacher at the McMartin Preschool in Manhattan Beach, California, had molested her 2½-year-old son (Nathan &Expand
35. Interviewing children.
This article reviews best practice for interviewing childwitnesses. Inmost officially recognized abuse cases, the child previously disclosed abuse, making it possible to elicit disclosures withoutExpand
Exploring the Role of Parental Hearsay when Children Witness a Crime
In cases of potential child abuse, parents may provide hearsay testimony on behalf of a child, retelling events from the child’s perspective. However, according to the limited research that exists,Expand
35. Interviewing children
This article reviews best practice for interviewing child witnesses. In most officially recognized abuse cases, the child previously disclosed abuse, making it possible to elicit disclosures withoutExpand
Review of Psychometrics of Forensic Interview Protocols with Children
Children who may have been sexually abused are interviewed by various professionals using a variety of different interviewing methods in an effort to elicit the greatest number of correct detailsExpand
Interviewing behaviors in police investigators: a field study of a current US sample
Abstract Considerable research shows that scientifically based interviewing techniques (e.g. the Cognitive Interview) increase the quality and quantity of witness recall compared to typical policeExpand
How interviewers' nonverbal behaviors can affect children's perceptions and suggestibility.
TLDR
Findings suggest that children questioned by the nonsupportive interviewer were less accurate and more likely to falsely report having been touched than were those questioning by the supportive interviewer. Expand
Does eyewitness and interviewer gender influence children’s reports? An experimental analysis of eyewitness and interviewer gender on children’s testimony
TLDR
As children aged, they were significantly less likely to lie, more likely to disclose earlier when accusing, and give lengthier and more consistent testimony. Expand
Mock Jurors’ Perception of Blind vs. Non-blind Interviewing: The Role of Recantation
Decades of cognitive psychology research suggest interviewer expectations may influence a witness’s statement. In cases of suspected child sexual abuse, a witness’s statement is oftentimes the onlyExpand
The role of corroborative evidence in child sexual abuse evaluations
Published studies of forensic child sexual abuse (CSA) evaluations by mental health and medical professionals and paraprofessionals (MHPs) were analysed in order to evaluate two widely heldExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 110 REFERENCES
Use of a structured investigative protocol enhances young children's responses to free-recall prompts in the course of forensic interviews.
One hundred alleged victims of child sexual abuse (ages 4-12 years; M = 8.1 years) were interviewed by police investigators about their alleged experiences. Half of the children were interviewedExpand
More than suggestion: the effect of interviewing techniques from the McMartin Preschool case.
Child interviewing techniques derived from transcripts of the McMartin Preschool case were found to be substantially more effective than simple suggestive questions at inducing preschool children toExpand
Allegations of wrongdoing: the effects of reinforcement on children's mundane and fantastic claims.
TLDR
Two specific components of the McMartin interviews, reinforcement and cowitness information, were examined more closely and indicate that reinforcement can swiftly induce children to make persistent false allegations of wrong doing. Expand
Children's patterns of disclosures and recantations of sexual and ritualistic abuse allegations in psychotherapy.
TLDR
Patterns of disclosures and recantations of abuse made in psychotherapy were examined in a sample of 63 children who reported sexual and ritualistic abuse in a preschool setting, revealing that the majority of subjects disclosed abuse within the first month of therapy. Expand
Effects of introductory style on children's abilities to describe experiences of sexual abuse.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that children respond more informatively to an open-ended invitation when they have previously been trained to answer such questions rather than more focused questions. Expand
What was Under the McMartin Preschool? A Review and Behavioral Analysis of the “Tunnels” Find
The McMartin Preschool child abuse case began in 1983 in Manhattan Beach, California, and was one of the most visible cases in history. Although two trials were conducted and no convictions wereExpand
Behind the Playground Walls: Sexual Abuse in Preschools
Representing over 6 years of research with children reporting nonritualistic and ritualistic sexual abuse in preschool settings, BEHIND THE PLAYGROUND WALLS is a clear, comprehensive examination ofExpand
Assessing the value of structured protocols for forensic interviews of alleged child abuse victims.
TLDR
The findings confirmed that implementation of professionally recommended practices affected the behavior of interviewers in both the pre-substantive and substantive phases of their interviews and enhanced the quality of information elicited from alleged victims. Expand
“It Sounds Good in Theory, But...”: Do Investigative Interviewers Follow Guidelines Based on Memory Research?
TLDR
Although the majority of the interviewers attempted to establish rapport, they rarely conducted practice interviews regarding past, neutral events, and rarely informed children that “I don't know,”‘I don’t understand,’ and “ I don't remember” are acceptable answers to questions. Expand
Findings from Research on Children's Suggestibility and Implications for Conducting Child Interviews
TLDR
This article summarizes pertinent research relating to children's suggestibility and discusses the implications of this research as it relates to child interview practices. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...