Suggestion/placebo effects on pain: negative as well as positive.

  title={Suggestion/placebo effects on pain: negative as well as positive.},
  author={Peter S. Staats and Hamid H. Hekmat and Arthur W. Staats},
  journal={Journal of pain and symptom management},
  volume={15 4},
This study explores the effect of positive and negative placebo suggestions on pain induced by hand exposures to ice water. Thirty-six participants were randomly assigned to one of the following interventions: (a) positive placebo suggestion, (b) negative placebo suggestion, and (c) control. The positive placebo-suggestion participants were given favorable… CONTINUE READING