Corpus ID: 52905111

Sugar alcohols: chemistry, production, health concerns and nutritional importance of mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, and erythritol

@inproceedings{Godswill2017SugarAC,
  title={Sugar alcohols: chemistry, production, health concerns and nutritional importance of mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol, and erythritol},
  author={Awuchi Chinaza Godswill},
  year={2017}
}
The sugar alcohols commonly found in foods are sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, erythritol, isomalt, and hydrogenated starch hydrolysates. Sugar alcohols come from plant products such as fruits and berries. Sugar alcohols occur naturally and at one time, mannitol was obtained from natural sources. Today, they are often obtained by hydrogenation of sugars and other techniques. Sugar alcohols do not contribute to tooth decay. Consumption of sugar alcohols may affect blood sugar levels, although less… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN SUGAR ALCOHOLS: CHEMISTRY, NUTRITION, AND HEALTH CONCERNS OF SORBITOL, XYLITOL, GLYCEROL, ARABITOL, INOSITOL, MALTITOL, AND LACTITOL
The research discussed the current developments in the chemistry, nutrition, and medical and health concerns of sugar alcohols, particularly sorbitol, xylitol, glycerol, arabitol, inositol, maltitol,Expand
Sugar alcohols derived from lactose: lactitol, galactitol, and sorbitol.
TLDR
The property, physiological effect, production, and application of the lactose-derived sugar alcohols are focused on, which have shown great potential applications not only in food manufacture, but also in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and material fields. Expand
Suitability of Sugar Alcohols as Antidiabetic Supplements: A Review
TLDR
The present review focuses on the evidence supporting the use of sugar alcohols in the management of diabetes, by evaluating their physical and chemical properties, metabolism, absorption, glycemic and insulinemic responses. Expand
Enzymes in Sweeteners Production
The eco-friendly and highly specific nature of enzymes has made these biocatalysts widely used in the production of sweeteners. Traditionally, their application is mostly associated with theExpand
Untargeted metabolomics based on GC-TOF-MS reveals the optimal pre-fermentation time for black glutinous rice wine
ABSTRACT Pre-fermentation is crucial for black glutinous rice wine production. However, the dynamic changes occurring in metabolites during pre-fermentation remain unclear. Hence, multivariateExpand
MEDICINAL PLANTS: THE MEDICAL, FOOD, AND NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND USES
This article focuses on the medical, food, and nutritional biochemistry and uses of medicinal plants. Medicinal plants are used with the intention of health maintenance, to be administered forExpand
The Biochemistry, Toxicology, and Uses of the pharmacologically active phytochemicals: Alkaloids, Terpenes, Polyphenols, and Glycosides
The research focused on the biochemistry and the medicinal uses of alkaloids, terpenes, polyphenols, and glycosides. Several parts of plants such as bark, root, leaf, stem, etc. are being used toExpand
Effects of Drying Techniques on Nutrient Retention and Phytochemicals in Selected Vegetables
Vegetables are a rich source of bioactive compounds and functional constituents that are beneficial to human health. However, the short shelf life of these vegetables can be a major cause of bioExpand
Safety Assessment of Mannitol, Sorbitol, and Xylitol as Used in Cosmetics
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel (Panel) assessed the safety of Mannitol, Sorbitol, and Xylitol as used in cosmetics. These ingredients are reported to function as humectants,Expand
Isolation, characterization of galactose-specific lectin from Odoiporus longicollis and its antibacterial and anticancer activities.
TLDR
In this study, lectin from the haemolymph in the grub of banana pest, Odoiporus longicollis was subjected to purification, biochemical and functional characterizations and showed hemagglutination activity against rat erythrocytes, heat-labile, cation independent and insensitive to EDTA. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 106 REFERENCES
Xylitol production from corn fiber and sugarcane bagasse hydrolysates by Candida tropicalis.
TLDR
A natural isolate, Candida tropicalis was tested for xylitol production from corn fiber and sugarcane bagasse hydrolysates, which contain inhibitors, and cells were adapted by sub culturing in the hydrolysate containing medium for 25 cycles to improve yeast growth and xylitor production. Expand
Mannitol production by lactic acid bacteria: a review
TLDR
The physiology, pathways and genetics of mannitol production in both homofermentative and heteroferMENTative lactic acid bacteria are presented and discussed. Expand
Recent advances in the biological production of mannitol
TLDR
This review summarizes the most recent advances in biological mannitol production, including the development of bacterial-, yeast-, and enzyme-based transformations. Expand
Effect of sugar alcohols on the composition and metabolism of a mixed culture of oral bacteria grown in a chemostat.
TLDR
Evidence is provided for a mechanism by which xylitol could affect the ecology of dental plaque and thereby reduce the rate of dental caries. Expand
Erythritol, a Non-Nutritive Sugar Alcohol Sweetener and the Main Component of Truvia®, Is a Palatable Ingested Insecticide
TLDR
It is shown that Erythritol, a non-nutritive sugar alcohol, was toxic to the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, and for the first time, that eryhritol may be used as a novel, environmentally sustainable and human safe approach for insect pest control. Expand
PROCESSES FOR FERMENTATIVE PRODUCTION OF XYLITOL - A SUGAR SUBSTITUTE
Agricultural residues rich in carbohydrate content, such as hemicellulose, are produced in large amounts annually world-wide. These biological byproducts, which are wastes, can be processed for theExpand
Food Carbohydrate Chemistry
Carbohydrates are major components of foods. They account for more than 90 percent of the dry matter of fruits and vegetables and provide 70 to 80 percent of human caloric intake worldwide so, from aExpand
A low-cost medium for mannitol production by Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL B-3693
  • B. Saha
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2006
TLDR
The production of mannitol by Lactobacillus intermedius NNRL B-3693 using molasses as an inexpensive carbon source was evaluated and soy peptone D and corn steep liquor were found to be suitable substitutes for Bacto-peptone and Bacti-yeast extract. Expand
Biosynthesis of D‐mannitol from D‐glucose by Aspergillus candidus
Mannitol has long been known as a product of glucose metabolism by some strains of Aspergillus. Apparently no concerted effort, has been made to develop a practical fermentation process to makeExpand
Acid production from Lycasin, maltitol, sorbitol and xylitol by oral streptococci and lactobacilli.
TLDR
Acid production from maltitol was compared with the acid production from hydrogenated starch hydrolysate (Lycasin), sorbitol and xylitol by a number of oral strains and reference strains of Streptococcus mutans, S. sanguis and of S. mitior, all isolated from Sorbitol-consumers, were observed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...