Sufism and the Indonesian Islamic Revival

  title={Sufism and the Indonesian Islamic Revival},
  author={Julia Day Howell},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={701 - 729}
  • J. Howell
  • Published 1 August 2001
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Asian Studies
Like other parts of the muslim world, Indonesia has experienced an Islamic revival since the 1970s (cf. Hefner 1997; Jones 1980; Liddle 1996, 622–25; Muzaffar 1986; Schwarz 1994, 173–76; Tessler and Jesse 1996). To date, representations of Indonesia's Islamic revival have featured forms of religious practice and political activity concerned with what in the Sufi tradition is called the “outer” (lahir) expression of Islam: support for and observance of religious law (I. syariah, A. syari'at… 
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