Sudoku and Changes in Working Memory Performance for Older Adults and Younger Adults

  title={Sudoku and Changes in Working Memory Performance for Older Adults and Younger Adults},
  author={Jeremy W. Grabbe},
  journal={Activities, Adaptation \& Aging},
  pages={14 - 21}
  • Jeremy W. Grabbe
  • Published 2 January 2017
  • Psychology
  • Activities, Adaptation & Aging
ABSTRACT In the study of activities and their influence in healthy aging, the role of mental exercise has long looked at broad battery approaches to study cognitive performance. This study continued the examination of domain-specific mental exercise. Younger and older adults’ working memory performance was assessed at the beginning and end of a four-month period. During that period both groups regularly played Sudoku puzzles provided by the experimenter. There were improvements in working… 
Memristive Oscillatory Circuits for Resolution of NP-Complete Logic Puzzles: Sudoku Case
A memristive circuit exploiting the dynamics of oscillating networks is utilized for the resolution of very popular and NP-complete logic puzzles, like the well-known “Sudoku”.


Sudoku and Working Memory Performance for Older Adults
In recent years interest has increased toward mental exercise as a way to promote healthy cognitive aging. Consistent findings have shown that declines in working memory performance are associated
Age-related differences in executive control of working memory
It was found that aging was associated with disproportionate dual-task costs that increased when extending the overlap between individual tasks and the effect of interference with encoding and output was disproportionately larger in old than in young individuals.
Enrichment Effects on Adult Cognitive Development
The available evidence suggests that activities can postpone decline, attenuate decline, or provide prosthetic benefit in the face of normative cognitive decline, while at the same time indicating that late-life cognitive changes can result in curtailment of activities.
How Do Verbal Distractors Influence Age-Related Operation Span Performance? A Manipulation of Inhibitory Control Demands
Age effects were found for all versions of the operation span working memory task, indicating that a decline in the ability to inhibit irrelevant verbal information can partly explain age effects in working memory performance.
Use it or lose it? Wii brain exercise practice and reading for domain knowledge.
There was no significant transfer of training from either the Wii practice or the reading tasks to measures of cognitive and perceptual speed abilities, and implications for adult intellectual development and maintenance are discussed.
Parietal plasticity after training with a complex video game is associated with individual differences in improvements in an untrained working memory task
It is suggested that training-induced plasticity in the functional representation of a training task may play a role in individual differences in transfer, and previously examined the association between training related cognitive changes and associated changes in underlying neural networks.
Individual differences in executive processing predict susceptibility to interference in verbal working memory.
Older adults' executive function was best described as two related subcomponent processes: shifting and updating goal-relevant representations and inhibition of proactive interference, which were distinct from verbal and visual memory and speed.
Social inappropriateness, executive control, and aging.
Findings suggest that changes in both social and cognitive factors are important in understanding age-related changes in social behavior, as well as deficits in general cognitive ability.
Meeting an "impossible challenge" in semantic dementia: outstanding performance in numerical Sudoku and quantitative number knowledge.
This case confirms the relation between numbers and space, and, although indirectly, their anatomical correlates, underlining which abilities are preserved in the case of severe semantic loss.
How useful is executive control training? Age differences in near and far transfer of task-switching training.
Investigating lifespan changes in near transfer of task-switching training to structurally similar tasks and its modulation by verbal self-instructions and variable training finds substantial far transfer to other executive tasks and fluid intelligence in all age groups, pointing to the transfer of relatively general executive control abilities after training.