LED light for in vitro and ex vitro efficient growth of economically important highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.)
In an effort to increase in vitro blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) shoot production without negatively impacting subsequent genetic engineering experiments, studies were conducted to examine the effects of sucrose concentration in the propagation medium on shoot proliferation and on the transfer of an intron-containing β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene into leaf explants from the propagated shoots. Numbers of axillary shoots >0.5 cm in length did not significantly increase for `Bluecrop' when sucrose levels were increased from 15 mM to either 29, 44 or 58 mM. The number of axillary shoots increased significantly for Duke ' and `Georgiagem' when sucrose concentrations were increased from 15 to 44 mM, and from 15 to 58 mM, respectively. Four-days of cocultivation with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA105 yielded highest GUS-expressing leaf zones on leaf explants from shoots cultured on either 15 or 29 mM sucrose. The number of GUS-expressing leaf zones was significantly lower on leaf explants derived from shoots grown on 58 mM sucrose than from those grown on 15 mM sucrose for all three cultivars, and was significantly lower on 44 mM compared to 15 mM for cultivars Duke and Georgiagem. These studies indicate shoot pretreatment conditions for optimizing subsequent blueberry genetic engineering experiments. Thus, a blueberry shoot proliferation medium containing 15–29 mM sucrose is recommended for explants later used for genetic transformation.