Suckling behavior of eland antelopes (Taurotragus spp.) under semi-captive and farm conditions

  title={Suckling behavior of eland antelopes (Taurotragus spp.) under semi-captive and farm conditions},
  author={Pavla Hejcmanov{\'a} and Pavla Jůnkov{\'a} Vymyslick{\'a} and Karol{\'i}na Kol{\'a}{\vc}kov{\'a} and Mark{\'e}ta Anton{\'i}nov{\'a} and Barbora Havl{\'i}kov{\'a} and Michaela Stejskalov{\'a} and Richard Policht and Michal Hejcman},
  journal={Journal of Ethology},
Mother–offspring interactions soon after parturition play a key role in the survival of mammals. We investigated the suckling behavior of semi-captive Western Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus derbianus) in a 60-ha enclosure covered by dense savanna vegetation in Senegal and farmed Common eland (T. oryx) on an open 2-ha pasture in the Czech Republic. We hypothesized that the basic pattern of suckling bout duration and mother–offspring interactions would be similar between species, but would… Expand

Figures from this paper

Giraffe males have longer suckling bouts than females
Male calves are more demanding for the amount of investment received and they are more successful in this effort than female calves, demonstrating the importance of sniffing for the identification of the suckling calf by the female. Expand
Does Supplemental Feeding Affect Behaviour and Foraging of Critically Endangered Western Giant Eland in an ex situ Conservation Site?
Food supplementation facilitates the animals overcoming unfavourable conditions or alleviates stress with additional rest, and could therefore assist as a conservation intervention to enhance fitness. Expand
Suckling behavior in goitered gazelle: do females invest more in twins or singletons?
It is concluded that in favorable situations females of high quality have the ability to show significantly more maternal investment in each twin, while singletons are typically born to weaker females. Expand
Further behavioural parameters support reciprocity and milk theft as explanations for giraffe allonursing
The results support both the reciprocity and milk-theft hypotheses as the most plausible explanation of allosuckling in giraffe, and illustrates the importance of using suckling bout duration and frequency, and the time spent suckling, as behavioural parameters that may aid in explaining the extremity of maternal investment, such as allosucksling. Expand
Digesta passage in common eland (Taurotragus oryx) on a monocot or a dicot diet.
The way that fluids and particles move through the forestomach of a ruminant is species-specific, and can be used to classify ruminants according to their digestive physiology into 'moose-types'Expand
Chinko/Mbari drainage basin represents a conservation hotspot for Eastern Derby eland in Central Africa
One of the largest of antelopes, Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus), is an important ecosystem component of African savannah. While the western subspecies is Critically Endangered, the easternExpand
Spatially restricted occurrence and low abundance as key tools for conservation of critically endangered large antelope in West African savannah
The age-specific vital rates indicate adult males as the most vulnerable; suggesting either an increase in the large predators’ population, livestock encroachment pressure, and/or poaching; imply that targeted monitoring with science-based interpretation may bring forward strong conservation solutions to the protected area management decision-makers. Expand
Ticks or lions: trading between allogrooming and vigilance in maternal care
The results suggest that prey behaviours other than foraging are essential to identify factors shaping risk perception, and underline the determinant role of habitat, shaping both offspring predation risk and the relative conspicuousness or protective value of group mates. Expand
Giraffe nursing behaviour reflects environmental conditions
Whether the nursing behaviour of giraffes differs between the zoo and nature reserve is analyzed and which factor (food intake, presence of predators, population density) can explain the difference is discussed. Expand
Spatially Restricted Occurrence and Low Population Abundance Estimates as Key Tools for the Conservation of the Critically Endangered Large Social Antelope in West African Savannah
Background: The effective conservation of mammals on the brink of extinction requires an integrated socio-ecological approach, yet the knowledge of updated species distribution, population size,Expand


Suckling and Allosuckling in Captive Fallow Deer (Dama dama, Cervidae)
The lack of a negative relationship between suckling and allosuckling frequencies failed to confirm the hypothesis that allosUCKling allows fawns to complete their milk requirements on foster mothers, but both inbreeding and crowding could explain the absence of particular relationship betweenfawns and foster mothers. Expand
Sucking and allosucking duration in farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus)
It is concluded that allosucking calves differ in their sucking behaviour and two types of allosuckerers (frequent and occasional) should be taken into account when analyzing allosuckling behaviour. Expand
Allonursing in Captive Guanacos, Lama guanicoe: Milk Theft or Misdirected Parental Care?
‘milk theft’ is a more plausible hypothesis to explain allonursing in guanacos than ‘misdirected parental care’ and the occurrence of nursing to NF was associated to a parallel posture by the calves. Expand
Offspring grazing and suckling rates in a sexually dimorphic ungulate with biased maternal investment (Ammotragus lervia)
Grazing rate shows distinctive values for the different weaning periods distinguished in this species, but the resumption of mothers’ sexual activity, when a mother–offspring conflict occurs, does not affect grazing behaviour. Expand
Reproductive behavior of addax antelope
Abstract Mating behavior, parturition and mother-offspring relations of addax ( Addax nasomaculatus ), an antelope native to the deserts of North Africa, were studied in captivity at two TexasExpand
Observations of maternal‐infant interactions in a captive herd of sable antelope (Hippotragus niger)
Two new interpretations of the function of hiding behavior are offered: (1) if older calves exploit the inexperience of newborn calves by nursing from their mothers, then younger calves may benefit by hiding out of the view of other herd members, and (2) if newborns vacillate between arousal-increasing and arousal-reducing activities, then “hider” species may hide to attain arousal- reduction. Expand
Diet Composition of Western Derby eland (Taurotragus Derbianus Derbianus) in the Dry Season in a Natural and a Managed Habitat in Senegal using Faecal Analyses
The results indicate that in the dry season the western Derby eland behaves as a pure browser, consuming grasses in negligible amounts, and woody savanna habitat is necessary for future conservation enclosures to ensure adequate natural forage resources for animals and thus to avoid food supplementing that presents a risk of dietary shifts in animals in captivity. Expand
Effects of social organization, age and aggressive behaviour on allosuckling in wild fallow deer
  • K. Ekvall
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Animal Behaviour
  • 1998
Since allosuckling was not performed between groups but was common between related members in a stable social unit and was expressed reciprocally between the oldest individuals in the group, it could be a result of kin selection and/or reciprocal altruism. Expand
Antipredator Constraints on Lactating Nubian Ibexes
Females with young confined in the nursery selected richer feeding habitats, spent more time feeding per day, foraged further from escape terrain and in smaller groups than did mothers with following young. Expand
Maternal expenditure in the polygynous and monomorphic guanaco:suckling behavior, reproductive effort, yearly variation, and influence on juvenile survival
Of the model with five covariates including juvenile sex, birth weight, adult female aggression toward taggers, mean suckling time, and population density, only mean sucksling time and populationdensity were significantly related to survival. Expand