Biochemical characterization of rhamnosyltransferase involved in biosynthesis of pectic rhamnogalacturonan I in plant cell wall.
Polygalacturonate 4-alpha-galacturonosyltransferase (pectin synthase) was solubilized from pollen tubes of Petunia axillaris and characterized. To accomplish this, an assay method using fluorogenic pyridylaminated-oligogalacturonic acids (PA-OGAs) as acceptor substrates was developed. When the pollen tube enzyme was solubilized with 0.5% (v/v) Triton X-100 and was incubated with PA-OGA and UDP-galacturonic acid (UDP-GalUA), successive transfer activity of more than 10 GalUAs from UDP-GalUA to the nonreducing end of PA-OGA was observed by diethylaminoethyl high-performance liquid chromatography. This activity was time- and enzyme concentration-dependent. The optimum enzyme activity was observed at pH 7.0 and 30 degrees C. Among the PA-OGAs investigated, those with a degree of polymerization of more than 10 were preferred as substrates. The crude pollen tube enzyme had an apparent K(m) value of 13 microM for the PA-OGA with a degree of polymerization 11 and 170 microM for UDP-GalUA. The characteristics of the P. axillaris pollen tube enzyme and the usefulness of fluorogenic PA-OGAs for the assay of this enzyme are discussed.