Successful treatments of lung injury and skin burn due to hydrofluoric acid exposure

  title={Successful treatments of lung injury and skin burn due to hydrofluoric acid exposure},
  author={K. Kono and T Watanabe and Tomotaro Dote and Kan Usuda and Hiroyuki Nishiura and Teruaki Tagawa and Mika Tominaga and Yoshiki Higuchi and M Onnda},
  journal={International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  • K. Kono, T. Watanabe, +6 authors M. Onnda
  • Published 18 July 2000
  • Medicine
  • International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Abstract Recent growth in the electronics and chemical industries has brought about a progressive increase in the use of hydrofluoric acid (HF), along with the concomitant risk of acute poisoning among HF workers. We report severe cases of inhalation exposure and skin injury which were successfully treated by administering a 5% calcium gluconate solution with a nebulizer and applying 2.5% calcium gluconate jelly, respectively. Case 1: A 52-year old worker used HF for surface treatment after… Expand
A review of treatment strategies for hydrofluoric acid burns: current status and future prospects.
The current status and problems of treatment strategies for HF burns are overviewed, for the purpose of promoting the future researches and improvement. Expand
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A nonlethal, delayed onset case of combined acute inhalation of hydrofluoric acid (HFA) and nitric acid (NA) together with a review of the literature is described and massive pulmonary secretions seem a sign of very severe intoxication and treatment appears to be mainly supportive. Expand
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PAP is described that developed after chronic, repeated exposure to fire extinguisher spray that induced pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, a toxic, potentially lethal gas. Expand
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This review highlights the mechanism of action, presents the acute and chronic symptoms, personal and general protective measures and devices that should be used, as well as decontamination procedures, immediate, antidote and hospital medical treatment. Expand
Application of calcium nebulization for mass exposure to an accidental hydrofluoric acid spill.
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Seventy Per Cent Hydrofluoric Acid Burns: Delayed Decontamination With Hexafluorine® and Treatment With Calcium Gluconate
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Management of a Patient With Faciocervical Burns and Inhalational Injury Due to Hydrofluoric Acid Exposure
Timely and accurate wound treatment and respiratory tract care, as well as active systematic support treatment, played vital roles in the management of this patient who suffered from hydrofluoric acid burns to his face, anterior neck, lips, and nasal cavity. Expand
Hydrofluoric acid burn resulting from ignition of gas from a compressed air duster.
Calcium gluconate gel was applied topically to the patient's burns, which caused prompt and complete relief of her pain. Expand


Fatality due to acute systemic fluoride poisoning following a hydrofluoric acid skin burn.
  • P. Tepperman
  • Medicine
  • Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association
  • 1980
A fatality resulting from a severe facial burn, which produced acute systemic fluoride poisoning with profound hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia, is presented. Expand
Treatment of severe hydrofluoric acid exposures.
Proper application of the calcium gluconate gel immediately after thorough washing of localized skin burns will produce relief of pain similar to that achieved by subcutaneous infiltration of 5% calcium glUconate solution. Expand
An experimental study on the treatment of hydrofluoric acid burns
Results proved that irrigation with running water and jelly applications were evaluated as the most effective therapy among various methods tested for HF burns. Expand
Fatal systemic fluorosis due to hydrofluoric acid burns
This case is the second documented occurrence of hypocalcemia from hydrofluoric acid burns and the first case to document myocardial injury and systemic fluorosis from a skin burn. Expand
Fatality due to acute hydrofluoric acid exposure.
Two fatal cases resulting from extensive exposure to hydrofluoric acid which produced acute systemic metabolic acidosis with profound hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia are presented. Expand
Treatment of Experimental Hydrofluoric Acid Corrosion
Conclusions 1. Infiltration of 3% calcium gluconate within 8 hours after intense application of hydrofluoric acid caused a significant shortening (about 30%) in healing time and a significantExpand
Calcium Metabolism in a Fatal Case of Sodium Fluoride Poisoning
Results of laboratory investigations support the hypothesis that the hypocalcaemia of fluoride poisoning is the result of fluorapatite formation and not calcium fluoride precipitation and that its persistence reflects the severity of the calcium deficit and not an inhibition of normal homeostatic mechanisms. Expand