Intraoperative subtenon 2% lidocaine and topical 0.5% proparacaine in patients undergoing strabismus surgery were compared. No additional systemic analgesics and sedatives were used. Mean and total pain scores intraoperatively and postoperatively were not different. Each anesthetic agent provides good intraoperative anesthesia and postoperative analgesia. Topical 0.5% proparacaine may be preferred because of its easy administration and fewer side effects, lack of hospital admission, and immediate and predictable alignment of the eyes.