Substrate porosity enhances chondrocyte attachment, spreading, and cartilage tissue formation in vitro.

Abstract

Tissue engineering is being explored as a new approach to treat damaged cartilage. As the biomaterial used may influence tissue formation, the effects of substrate geometry on chondrocyte behavior in vitro were examined. Articular chondrocytes were isolated and cultured on the surface of smooth, rough, porous-coated, and fully porous Ti-6Al-4V substrates… (More)

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