Substitution of arginine for Leu444 in the reactive site of heparin cofactor II enhances the rate of thrombin inhibition.


Heparin cofactor II (HCII), a member of the "serpin" family of serine protease inhibitors, is a 65,600-Da plasma glycoprotein that inhibits thrombin and chymotrypsin. The rate of thrombin inhibition is stimulated approximately 1000-fold by heparin or dermatan sulfate. Thrombin and chymotrypsin cleave the Leu444-Ser445 bond (designated P1-P'1) in the… (More)


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