Substances used and prevalence rates of pharmacological cognitive enhancement among healthy subjects

@article{Franke2014SubstancesUA,
  title={Substances used and prevalence rates of pharmacological cognitive enhancement among healthy subjects},
  author={Andreas G{\"u}nter Franke and Christiana Bagusat and Sebastian Rust and Alice Engel and Klaus Lieb},
  journal={European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience},
  year={2014},
  volume={264},
  pages={83-90}
}
Pharmacological “cognitive enhancement” (CE) is defined as the use of any psychoactive drug with the purpose of enhancing cognition, e.g. regarding attention, concentration or memory by healthy subjects. Substances commonly used as CE drugs can be categorized into three groups of drugs: (1) over-the-counter (OTC) drugs such as coffee, caffeinated drinks/energy drinks, caffeine tablets or Ginkgo biloba; (2) drugs being approved for the treatment of certain disorders and being misused for CE… CONTINUE READING
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pharmacological neuroenhancement and brain doping: chances and risks

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Pharmacological neuroenhancement: substances and epidemiology

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