Substance use disorders in the U.S. Armed forces.

  title={Substance use disorders in the U.S. Armed forces.},
  journal={Military medicine},
  volume={180 3},
  • Published 2015
  • Medicine
  • Military medicine
A Comparative Study of United States Service Members With and Without a History of Inpatient Psychiatric Hospitalization on Post Deployment Trauma, Depression, and Hazardous Alcohol Use Symptoms
Abstract : The prevalence of mental disorders in the United States (U.S.) military hasincreased significantly since the onset of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in 2001and Operation Iraqi Freedom
Substance Use and Other Mental Health Disorders Among Veterans Returning to the Inner City: Prevalence, Correlates, and Rates of Unmet Treatment Need
Although prevalences of posttraumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, and depression clustered around 20%, the estimated prevalence rates of alcohol use disorder, drug use Disorder, and substance use disorder were 28%, 18%, and 32%, respectively.
U.S. Military veterans and the opioid overdose crisis: a review of risk factors and prevention efforts
It is important to incorporate the perspectives and voices of veterans with lived experience of substance use into the design and implementation of new overdose prevention resources and strategies to meet the needs of this population.
Classical and Neural Network Machine Learning to Determine the Risk of Marijuana Use
While the logistic regression model had lower performance than the neural network model, it matched the sensitivity of prior work, achieved a high level of significance, and yielded valuable inferences that implied that younger, less educated individuals who exhibit sensation-seeking behavior and are open to experience tend to be at higher risk for THC use.
Predictors of Veterans Health Administration utilization and pain persistence among soldiers treated for postdeployment chronic pain in the Military Health System
Careful coordination of pain management approaches across the MHS and VHA is required to optimize care for soldiers with chronic pain.
The acceptability and feasibility of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for pain management among new England veterans with chronic pain: A pilot study
This pilot study tested the feasibility and acceptability of a Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Pain Management intervention (SBIRT‐PM) to help engage Veterans seeking disability compensation for painful musculoskeletal disorders in multimodal pain treatment and to reduce risky substance use, when indicated.
Dissemination of a Universally Delivered Brief Alcohol Intervention in United States Air Force Technical Training
Results of this large-scale prevention study indicate that a brief alcohol intervention can be widely disseminated during US Air Force training and can perhaps reduce costs and make a public health contribution by decreasing alcohol related incidents.
Rates of prescription orders for United States active duty service members diagnosed with alcohol use disorder
Most ADSMs who might benefit from prescriptions for AUD are not receiving them as part of their treatment despite strong clinical evidence and Department of Defense policy support for their use among this cohort.
Association of military life experiences and health indicators among military spouses
Assessment of health indicators among military spouses using the Healthy People 2020 framework suggested that enhanced social and military support and tailored programming for military spouses may improve health outcomes and contribute to the well-being of military couples.
Meta-analysis of risk factors for substance abuse in the US military
ABSTRACT This article describes the results from a meta-analytic review of 55 studies and 78 independent samples containing information about the demographic, contextual, and psychological factors


2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel
The primary results of the 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel are presented, which investigated the prevalence of alcohol use, illicit drug use, and tobacco use, as well as negative consequences associated with substance use.
VA/DoD clinical practice guideline for management of substance use disorders
  • Washington, DC: VA and DoD.
  • 2009
Priorities for policy research on treatments for alcohol and drug use disorders.
Empirically Guided Community Intervention for Partner Abuse, Child Maltreatment, Suicidality, and Substance Misuse
This chapter describes an initial implementation and evaluation of NORTH STAR, a community-based framework for the prevention of family maltreatment, suicidality, and substance problems. NORTH STAR
Resilience concepts and findings: implications for family therapy
Resilience is a term used to describe relative resistance to psychosocial risk experiences. There is abundant evidence that there is enormous variation in children's responses to such experiences but
Stigma, Negative Attitudes About Treatment, and Utilization of Mental Health Care Among Soldiers
It is found that negative attitudes about treatment inversely predicted treatment seeking among soldiers previously deployed to Afghanistan or Iraq and the need for policy aimed at reducing negative attitudes toward mental health treatment is highlighted.
Preliminary Examination of the Confidential Alcohol Treatment and Education Program
Focus group interviews with pilot participants and others indicate that the availability of confidential treatment reduced participants' perceptions of stigma associated with treatment seeking and treatment participation, thus encouraging self-referral to treatment.