Substance use and suicide

@article{Vijayakumar2011SubstanceUA,
  title={Substance use and suicide},
  author={L. Vijayakumar and M. Kumar and V. Vijayakumar},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
  year={2011},
  volume={24},
  pages={197–202}
}
Purpose of review To address gaps identified in earlier reviews, namely, the comparative influence of substance use on attempted suicide and completed suicide; the proximal role of substance use as a trigger of suicidal behaviour; the association between substances and suicidal behaviour; suicide and substance use disorders in youth; and the influence of combinations of risk factors, including psychiatric morbidity, on suicide. Recent findings The presence of an alcohol use disorder is… Expand
Substance use and suicidal ideation and behaviour in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
TLDR
Public health suicide prevention policy and research in LMICs should take account of the fact that substance use is a potentially modifiable risk factor and assessment and management of substances use is integral to the care of at-risk patients. Expand
Heavy alcohol use and suicidal behavior among people who use illicit drugs: A cohort study.
TLDR
A high burden of suicidal behavior among a community-recruited sample of PWUD is observed, demonstrating the need for evidence-based interventions to address suicide risk among PWUD, particularly those who are heavy consumers of alcohol. Expand
Alcohol-use disorders and suicide: Results from a psychological autopsy study in Australia.
TLDR
The findings support that aggressive behavior, comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders as predisposing factors, and recent interpersonal conflicts such as breakup and family conflicts can trigger suicide in people with AUD. Expand
[Association of loneliness, impulsivity and alcohol use with suicidal behavior in adolescents].
TLDR
The most important risk factor was loneliness, followed by femóle gender, impulsivity and alcohol use, which explained 31 % of the suicidal behavior. Expand
Suicide prevention in psychiatric patients
TLDR
Developing of suicide prevention in psychiatric patients will require a better understanding of additional risk and protective factors, such as the role of a person's decision‐making capacity and social support, the roles of spiritual and religious interventions, and the reduction of the treatment gap in mental health care. Expand
Suicide risk among Thai illicit drug users with and without mental/alcohol use disorders
TLDR
Findings support the coexisting relationship that mental and alcohol use disorders play a vital role in increasing the suicide risk in illicit drug users. Expand
Alcohol Consumption as a Risk Factor for Suicidal Behavior: A Systematic Review of Associations at the Individual and at the Population Level
  • T. Norström, I. Rossow
  • Medicine
  • Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
  • 2016
TLDR
An updated review of the magnitude of the relationship between alcohol use and suicidal behaviour at the individual and the population level and empirical evidence for a causal relationship is still urgently needed. Expand
Substance Use as a Mediator of the Association Between Demographics, Suicide Attempt History, and Future Suicide Attempts in Emergency Department Patients.
BACKGROUND Identification of factors that predict and protect against attempted suicide are critical for the development of effective suicide prevention and intervention programs. AIMS To examineExpand
Mental health care providers talk about suicide prevention among people with substance use disorders in South Africa
TLDR
This study sought to investigate mental health care providers' experiences of preventing suicide in PWSUDs in South Africa (SA); their perceptions of the factors impacting on suicide prevention in this context; and their contextand population-specific suggestions for preventing suicides in P WSUDs. Expand
Acute Influence of Alcohol, THC or Central Stimulants on Violent Suicide: A Swedish Population Study
TLDR
Results revealed that acute influence of THC was related to using the violent suicide method–– jumping from a height (RR 1.62; 95% CI 1.01–2.41), and alcohol intoxication was not related to any violent method, while the central stimulant‐positive suicide decedent had a higher, albeit not significant, risk of several violent methods. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Alcohol and drug use in suicidal behaviour
TLDR
Current evidence points to a causal role of alcohol and drug use disorders exerting a distal effect on suicidal behaviour, as well as risk estimates for drug use prior to a suicide attempt. Expand
Suicidal Behavior and Alcohol Abuse
TLDR
Evidence of the relationship between alcohol use and suicide through a search of MedLine and PsychInfo electronic databases is reviewed and multiple genetically-related intermediate phenotypes might influence the relationshipBetween alcohol and suicide. Expand
The association between violence and lifetime suicidal thoughts and behaviors in individuals treated for substance use disorders.
TLDR
Prior violence is consistently associated with greater risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in patients seeking SUD treatment and treatment providers should be aware that those patients with some of the greatest violence in their past are also those at elevated risk for harm to themselves. Expand
The Role Of Alcohol Use Disorder And Alcohol Consumption In Suicide Attempts-A Secondary Analysis Of 1921 Suicide Attempts
TLDR
Individuals with a diagnosis of alcohol use disorder are a high-risk group for multiple suicide attempts and should be a target group for suicide prevention, according to a major German city over a 5-year period. Expand
Exposure to alcohol, drugs and tobacco and the risk of subsequent suicidality: findings from the Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey.
TLDR
Efforts to reduce the use as well as the abuse of alcohol, drugs and tobacco may help reduce the risk of subsequent suicidal behaviors among adolescents in Mexico. Expand
Predictors of attempted suicide among Swiss patients with alcohol-use disorders.
TLDR
A prior history of attempted suicide and severe symptoms of depression and aggression considerably increased the risk of a suicide attempt and, in combination, raised the likelihood of a prior suicide attempt. Expand
Substance use disorders and suicide attempts in bipolar subtypes.
TLDR
The presence of both alcohol and drug use disorders increased odds of a history of suicide attempt in a multiplicative fashion: 97% of BD-I who had both co-morbid drug and alcohol use disorders had made a suicide attempt. Expand
Substance Use Disorders and Risk for Completed Suicide
  • B. Schneider
  • Medicine
  • Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
  • 2009
TLDR
Questions about the relationship between substance use disorders and suicide remain open, which indicate directions for future research. Expand
Alcohol use disorders and acute alcohol use preceding suicide in China.
TLDR
The characteristics of male suicide decedents with an alcohol use disorder, using alcohol acutely but without an alcohol Use Disorder, and with no alcohol involvement are somewhat different, suggesting the potential value of tailored prevention strategies. Expand
Psychiatric disorders, comorbidity, and suicidality in Mexico.
TLDR
A complex pattern of associations in which diverse psychiatric disorders impact different parts of the pathway to suicide attempts is revealed, which will help inform clinical and public health efforts aimed at suicide prevention in Mexico and other developing countries. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...