Substance abuse in bipolar disorder.

  title={Substance abuse in bipolar disorder.},
  author={Frederick Cassidy and Eileen P. Ahearn and Bernard J. Carroll},
  journal={Bipolar disorders},
  volume={3 4},
BACKGROUND High rates of substance abuse have been reported in the general population, with males more often affected than females. Although high rates of substance abuse have also been reported in bipolar patients, the relationship between substance abuse and bipolar disorder has not been well characterized. METHODS Substance abuse histories were obtained in 392 patients hospitalized for manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder and rates of current and lifetime abuse calculated. Analyses… CONTINUE READING


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