• Corpus ID: 6956679

Substance Abuse Policy from a Crime-control Perspective

  title={Substance Abuse Policy from a Crime-control Perspective},
  author={Joan R. Petersilia and David Boyum and Mark A.R. Kleiman},
Discussions about crime control, whether at cocktail parties, in classrooms, or on Capitol Hill, inevitably turn to the subject of drugs. No one doubts that drugs, and policies to control them, are linked to non-drug crime: all the varieties of theft, assault, and offenses against public order. But the precise nature of those links remains obscure, and what best to do about them remains controversial. 

Recidivism Among Drug Offenders Following Exposure to Treatment

The contemporary debate about punishment versus treatment for drug-using criminal offenders often revolves around the pragmatic issue of the extent to which treatment is more effective than

Aboriginal Youth in the criminal justice system: is systemic discrimination influencing custody decisions

The over-representation of Aboriginal people in the Criminal Justice System (CJS) is a considerable problem that has been present in Canada for many years and is extreme with Aboriginal youth

Are Underground Markets Really More Violent? Evidence from Early 20th Century America

The violent nature of illegal markets is one rationale for legalizing the sale of narcotics. High U.S. crime rates during the 1920s are regularly presented as evidence of the strong positive

Toward a “Post-Legalization” Criminology for Cannabis: A Brief Review and Suggested Agenda for Research Priorities

Cannabis control policies in a few countries have recently shifted from criminal prohibition-based regimes to legalization of use and supply. While cannabis’ newly emerging status of legality may

The Effect of the Threat of Legal Sanction on Program Retention and Completion: Is That Why They Stay in Drug Court?

Drug courts routinely rely on the threat of legal sanction to motivate drug-using criminal offenders to enter and complete community-based treatment programs. In light of the high failure rates among

Crime, Contraband, and Property Rights: Explaining Variations in Violent Crime Rates

Author(s): Paris, Jeffrey Jonathan | Advisor(s): Ross, Michael L; Geddes, Barbara | Abstract: Violent crime affects quality of life on an individual level and development on a national level


Examination of the relationship between drug-related crimes in high-risk, rural Virginia counties and efforts to reduce them with a particular focus on a cost-benefit analysis of expenditures found strategies that build on traditional approaches to reduce substance use and addiction are most effective.

Does Drug Testing Deter Drug Court Participants From Using Drugs or Alcohol?

This study evaluates 3 drug-testing strategies implemented in 5 different jurisdictions with drug courts in Orange County, California. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the sweat

Insights into the link between drug use and criminality: Lifetime offending of criminally-active opiate users

What we can--and cannot--expect from school-based drug prevention.

Assessment of school-based drug prevention in the United States from a social policy perspective finds that the greatest uncertainties concern the permanence of prevention's effects and how to value instances of initiation being deferred but not completely prevented.



Drugs, the criminal law, and the administration of justice.

  • M. Moore
  • Law, Political Science
    The Milbank quarterly
  • 1991
Although it is clear that drug laws tend to worsen the conduct and condition of individuals who continue to use drugs, and strain the institutions of the criminal justice system, it is also plausible that these same laws succeed in reducing overall levels of drug use by suppressing the supply and helping sustain the community norm that disapproves ofdrug use.

The National Drug Control Strategy

Abstract : The National Drug Control Strategy five goals are: i. Educate and enable America's youth to reject illegal drugs as well as alcohol and tobacco. 2. Increase the safety of America's

Kids, Crack, and Crime

The criminogenic influence of the crack trade is discussed in relation to both media reports and the classic drugs/crime pattern first identified for heroin users.

Treatment alternatives to street crime.

These studies point to TASC's success and effectiveness in programming through specific critical program elements and show that the lack of data collection and evaluation has hindered TASC programming.

The Drugs/Violence Nexus: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework

A conceptual framework is presented for examining the drugs/violence nexus and drugs and violence are seen as being related in three possible ways: the psychopharmacological, the economically compulsive, and the systemic.

The Correctional Opportunity: Pathways to Drug Treatment for Offenders

The success of the Stay'n Out and Cornerstone Programs that have been successful with serious drug abusing offenders, and the factors that make for success, are shared.

Race Matters: Disproportionality of Incarceration for Drug Dealing in Massachusetts

Many observers have recognized and decried the disproportionate impact on young minority males of harsh sentencing policies for drug dealing. Nationwide, African-Americans and Hispanics constituted

Crime and Drugs: The Issues and Literature

It is the purpose of this paper to examine the major research issues in the study of the relationship between crime and drugs and to examine the relevant research literature as it applies to those

Drug War Heresies : Learning from Other Vices , Times , and Places

The regulation of morals is a ubiquitous feature of how sovereignty and citizenship interact. Liberal-democratic citizenship regimes provide universal rights and formal access to political

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

Inner-city black America is often defined by random, senseless street violence. In fact, although violence is a salient feature, its use is far from random; it is regulated through an informal but