Subpolar settlement in South Polynesia

  title={Subpolar settlement in South Polynesia},
  author={Atholl Anderson},
  pages={791 - 800}
Archaeological research in the Auckland Islands, south of New Zealand, has disclosed earth ovens, middens and flaked stone tools dating to the thirteenth–fourteenth centuries AD. This is the first site of prehistoric settlement in the outlying islands of the Subantarctic. Polynesians and their dogs survived on seals and seabirds for at least one summer. The new data complete a survey of colonisation in the outlying archipelagos of South Polynesia and show that it occurred contemporaneously… 

Island differentiation of New Zealand's extinct mergansers (Anatidae: Mergini), with description of a new species from Chatham Island: correction and addition

An ambiguous designation of the holotype of Chatham Island Merganser Mergus milleneri is corrected, and an overlooked discovery of a bone of this merganser associated with a Polynesian midden dating

Human Colonization of the Palau Islands, Western Micronesia

ABSTRACT Adaptation to new environments is an important issue in colonization research with implications for accurately establishing the timing of human arrival and interpreting the dispersal pattern

New Evidence from the East Polynesian Gateway: Substantive and Methodological Results from Aitutaki, Southern Cook Islands

East Polynesia was the geographic terminus of prehistoric human expansion across the globe and the southern Cook Islands, the first archipelago west of Samoa, a gateway to this region. Fourteen new

The marine reservoir effect in the Southern Ocean: An evaluation of extant and new ?R values and their application to archaeological chronologies

Abstract The last phase of human colonisation of the south‐west Pacific occurred around the 12th Century AD amongst the islands of the subtropical and temperate zones of the Southern Ocean (i.e.,

The rat and the octopus: initial human colonization and the prehistoric introduction of domestic animals to Remote Oceania

Evaluation of invasibility, invasiveness and transportability characteristics amongst the four taxa suggest that island size and complexity, propagule pressure and seafaring capability were important factors in differential distribution and survival.

Archaeology's Contribution to Island Studies

Archaeology has, and will continue to make, some important contributions to the broad field of ‘island studies’. In this essay, I discuss four major topics in island archaeology that are helping to

High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia

An empirically based and dramatically shortened chronology for the colonization of East Polynesia resolves longstanding paradoxes and offers a robust explanation for the remarkable uniformity of EastPolynesian culture, human biology, and language.

Evidence of external contact between the Pacific Basin and the east coast of Australia during the Holocene: A review

The prospect that First Nations Australians were in contact with cultures beyond Australia prior to European arrival has fascinated theorists for over a century. Early views tended to see Aboriginal

Climate windows for Polynesian voyaging to New Zealand and Easter Island

It is argued here that changing wind field patterns associated with the MCA provided conditions in which voyaging to and from the most isolated East Polynesian islands, New Zealand, and Easter Island was readily possible by off-wind sailing.

Pre-human New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) rookeries on mainland New Zealand

Holocene New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) bones collected from the north of New Zealand's South Island strengthen existing evidence for the former Holocene presence of breeding colonies of



The chronology of colonization in New Zealand

New Zealand was the last substantial landmass to be colonized by prehistoric people. Even within Oceania, where there are much smaller and more remote islands, such as Pitcairn and Easter Island, New

Investigating early settlement on Lord Howe Island

Abstract A survey of unconsolidated sediments overlying Pleistocene calcarenites and Tertiary basalts on Lord Howe Island was undertaken in 1996 in order to test the hypothesis that human settlement

Holocene sand dunes on Enderby Island, Auckland Islands

On Enderby Island, Holocene sand dunes are separated into lower and upper deposits by layers of peat and silt. The lower deposits contain roughly equal proportions of shell fragments and basalt

The Prehistoric Archaeology of Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific

VOLUME ABSTRACT. This Supplement documents the discovery, excavation and analysis of material of the Polynesian occupation of Norfolk Island about 600 years ago. The main excavation, in the dunes of

The prehistoric chronology of Raoul Island, the Kermadec Group

Raoul, the largest of the Kermadec group of islands, has been investigated twice by archaeologists and radiocarbon dating of the south-east end of the Low Flat site has resulted in 10th century AD

New Radiocarbon Ages of Colonization Sites in East Polynesia

The archaeological chronology of initial human colonization in East Polynesia has relied substantially upon radiocarbon dating results from a small number of sites in the central region, notably Motu

Archaeological Evidence for the Origin of the Plank Canoe in North America

Advanced maritime technology associated with long-distance exchange and intensified resource acquisition has been linked to the development of stratification and greater sociopolitical complexity in

On the Antiquity of the Single-Piece Shell Fishhook: AMS Radiocarbon Evidence from the Southern California Coast

Abstract During the Late Holocene, a number of new technologies (single-piece fishhooks, toggling harpoons, plank canoes, etc.) are thought to have significantly enhanced the fishing capabilities of

American Indians in the Pacific: The Theory behind the Kon-Tiki Expedition

(1951). American Indians in the Pacific. The Theory behind the Kon-Tiki Expedition. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography: Vol. 13, No. 3-8, pp. 316-320.

Curved Single-Piece Fishhooks of Shell and Bone in California

  • R. Heizer
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1949
Notwithstanding the numerous published works which have specifically or incidentally treated with the curved fishhooks of California, there is available at present no single source which draws