Suboptimal choice behavior by pigeons.

  title={Suboptimal choice behavior by pigeons.},
  author={Jessica P. Stagner and Thomas R. Zentall},
  journal={Psychonomic bulletin & review},
  volume={17 3},
Contrary to the law of effect and optimal foraging theory, pigeons show suboptimal choice behavior by choosing an alternative that provides 20% reinforcement over another that provides 50% reinforcement. They choose the 20% reinforcement alternative--in which 20% of the time, that choice results in a stimulus that always predicts reinforcement, and 80% of… CONTINUE READING