Submerged and transmucosal healing yield the same clinical outcomes with two-piece implants in the anterior maxilla and mandible: interim 1-year results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial.

@article{Hmmerle2012SubmergedAT,
  title={Submerged and transmucosal healing yield the same clinical outcomes with two-piece implants in the anterior maxilla and mandible: interim 1-year results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial.},
  author={Christoph Hans Franz H{\"a}mmerle and Ronald Ernst Jung and Mariano Sanz and Stephen Chen and William C. Martin and Jochen Jackowski and C J Ivanoff and Luca Cordaro and Jeffrey Ganeles and Dieter Weingart and J. Wiltfang and Michael Gahlert},
  journal={Clinical oral implants research},
  year={2012},
  volume={23 2},
  pages={211-219}
}
OBJECTIVES To test whether or not transmucosal healing at two-piece implants is as successful as submerged placement regarding crestal bone levels and patient satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Adults requiring implants in the anterior maxilla or mandible in regions 21-25, 11-15, 31-35 or 41-45 (WHO) were recruited for this randomized, controlled multi-center clinical trial of a 5-year duration. Randomization was performed at implantation allowing for either submerged or transmucosal healing… CONTINUE READING

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