Submandibular gland excision: 15 years of experience.

Abstract

PURPOSE The surgical management of submandibular gland diseases has always been a challenge because it carries a considerable risk of nerve injury. The aim of this study was to review a single institution's experience of a nonselected case series of submandibular gland excision over 15 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 258 unselected submandibular excisions of a tertiary university center for the histopathologic diagnosis and postoperative morbidity; 119 patients (46%) with sialolithiasis, 88 patients (34%) with sialadenitis, and 51 patients (20%) with submandibular tumors were operated. RESULTS We found a high rate of malignant tumors (42%) in the group of submandibular gland tumors. A low rate of transient palsies of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve (9%) and lingual nerve (2%) was observed. One patient developed a permanent paresis of the mandibular branch (<1%). CONCLUSION Our large series has shown that standardized submandibular sialadenectomy is a safe operation with a low rate of complications. Malignant disease is frequent in tumors of the submandibular gland.

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@article{Preu2007SubmandibularGE, title={Submandibular gland excision: 15 years of experience.}, author={Simon Preu\ss and Jens Klu\ssmann and Claus Wittekindt and Uta Drebber and Dirk Beutner and Orlando Guntinas-Lichius}, journal={Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons}, year={2007}, volume={65 5}, pages={953-7} }