Sublethal imidacloprid effects on honey bee flower choices when foraging.

  title={Sublethal imidacloprid effects on honey bee flower choices when foraging.},
  author={Ahmed Karahan and Ibrahim Çakmak and John M. Hranitz and Ismail Karaca and H. Lea Wells},
  volume={24 9},
Neonicotinoids, systemic neuro-active pesticides similar to nicotine, are widely used in agriculture and are being investigated for a role in honey bee colony losses. We examined one neonicotinoid pesticide, imidacloprid, for its effects on the foraging behavior of free-flying honey bees (Apis mellifera anatoliaca) visiting artificial blue and white flowers. Imidacloprid doses, ranging from 1/5 to 1/50 of the reported LD50, were fed to bees orally. The study consisted of three experimental… CONTINUE READING
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