Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.

  title={Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.},
  author={Ed Diener},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  volume={55 1},
  • E. Diener
  • Published 2000
  • Psychology
  • The American psychologist
One area of positive psychology analyzes subjective well-being (SWB), people's cognitive and affective evaluations of their lives. Progress has been made in understanding the components of SWB, the importance of adaptation and goals to feelings of well-being, the temperament underpinnings of SWB, and the cultural influences on well-being. Representative selection of respondents, naturalistic experience sampling measures, and other methodological refinements are now used to study SWB and could… 

Tables from this paper

Subjective Well-being: Towards a Positive Psychology
This work reviews an emerging area in psychology, that reacting to an emphasis in negative states, has given a new look to positive human qualities. Subjective wellbeing (BS) has became an area of
Advances in subjective well-being research
Findings from psychology and economics on subjective well-being across cultures are synthesized and identified to identify outstanding questions, priorities for future research and pathways to policy implementation.
Happiness, well-being and human development: the case for subjective measures
In recent years, economists have made increasing use of psychological measures of well-being. This paper argues that these data and models can make important contributions to human development. The
The main objective of Positive Psychology is to observe, describe and analyze positive emotions, considered as objects of behavior or contents of consciousness. In the context of positive psychology,
Personality, culture, and subjective well-being: emotional and cognitive evaluations of life.
It is challenging to assess SWB across societies, the measures have some degree of cross-cultural validity and nations can be evaluated by their levels of SWB, there are still many open questions in this area.
Culture and Subjective Well-Being: Conceptual and Measurement Issues
The present chapter reviews conceptual and measurement issues related to culture and subjective well-being (SWB). Historically, the concepts of happiness gradually shifted from good luck and fortune


Subjective well-being.
  • E. Diener
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1984
The literature on subjective well-being (SWB), including happiness, life satisfaction, and positive affect, is reviewed in three areas: measurement, causal factors, and theory. Psychometric data on
Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress
W. Wilson's (1967) review of the area of subjective well-being (SWB) advanced several conclusions regarding those who report high levels of "happiness". A number of his conclusions have been
The funds, friends, and faith of happy people.
  • D. Myers
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 2000
New studies are revealing predictors of subjective well-being, often assessed as self-reported happiness and life satisfaction, and possible associations between economic growth and personal income, close relationships, and religious faith.
Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities
Subjective well-being (SWB) comprises people's longer-term levels of pleasant affect, lack of unpleasant affect, and life satisfaction. It displays moderately high levels of cross-situational
Resources, personal strivings, and subjective well-being: a nomothetic and idiographic approach.
The authors concluded that resources taken together are moderately strong predictors of SWB, and supported the hypothesis that resources correlate more strongly with SWB when they are relevant to an individual's idiographic personal strivings.
Environmental and dispositional influences on well-being: longitudinal follow-up of an American national sample.
The present study contributes to recent literature showing that stable individual differences are more useful than life circumstances in predicting well-being, and points out the need for caution in interpreting well- Being scores as indices of the quality of life.
Value as a Moderator in Subjective Well‐Being
We investigated individual differences in the processes of subjective well-being (SWB). There were considerable individual differences in the domain that was most strongly associated with global life
Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale
The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) was developed to assess satis-faction with the respondent’s life as a whole. The scale does not assess satisfaction with life domains such as health or
Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective.
This volume brings together several authors from different areas of psychology and the neighbouring social sciences. Each one contributes their own perspective on the growing interest topic of
Discriminant validity of well-being measures.
The convergent and discriminant validities of well-being concepts were examined using multitrait-multimethod matrix analyses and showed that life satisfaction is discrim inable from positive and negative affect, positive affect is discriminable fromnegative affect, and life Satisfaction is discriminating from optimism and self-esteem.