Subjective and Objective Measures of Parent-Child Relationship Dysfunction, Child Separation Distress, and Joint Attention

  title={Subjective and Objective Measures of Parent-Child Relationship Dysfunction, Child Separation Distress, and Joint Attention},
  author={Daniel S. Schechter and Erica Willheim and Claudia Hinojosa and Kimberly Scholfield-Kleinman and J Blake Turner and Jaime E McCaw and Charles H. Zeanah and Michael M. Myers},
  pages={130 - 144}
The literature suggests an adverse impact of maternal stress related to interpersonal violence on parent-child interaction. The current study investigated associations between a mother's self-reported parent-child relationship dysfunction and what she does in response to her child's cues. It also examined whether maternal perception of parent-child dysfunctional interaction and child behavior when stressed by separation, along with maternal behavior in response to child distress, predicted… 

Intergenerational effects of maternal PTSD: Roles of parenting stress and child sex.

Stress-reducing interventions for parents with PTSD could improve child outcomes, especially for girls, and this relation appears to be mediated by increased parenting stress.

Responsive Parenting Buffers the Impact of Maternal PTSD on Young Children

Responsible parenting behaviors can mitigate the ill effects of maternal PTSD symptoms and help parents’ to sensitively respond to their young children’s distress and support positive outcomes in children.

The Protective Role of Parent Resilience on Mental Health and the Parent–Child Relationship During COVID-19

Results suggest that fathers’ depression symptoms and associated spill-over to perceived child stress is producing stronger effects on their parenting experiences than effects reported by mothers.

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and the Quality of Maternal-Child Interactions in Mothers of Preterm Infants.

Maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms seem to be associated with the quality of maternal-child interactions at age 1 year among a cohort of urban, mother-preterm infant dyads, and these findings have implications for strength-based intervention development.

War trauma lingers on: Associations between maternal posttraumatic stress disorder, parent-child interaction, and child development.

Higher levels of maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms are associated with a higher level of psychosocial problems of infants, but not with delays in their mental or psychomotor development, and parent-child interaction did not function as a mediator between maternal trauma symptoms and infants' psychossocial functioning.

Understanding Bidirectional Mother-Infant Affective Displays across Contexts: Effects of Maternal Maltreatment History and Postpartum Depression and PTSD Symptoms

Understanding of dyadic affective exchanges in the context of maternal risk is added, highlighting postpartum depression symptoms as one mechanism of risk transmission from maternal maltreatment history to impacted parent-child interactions.

Maternal Depression and Child Externalizing Behaviors: The Role of Attachment Across Development in Low-income Families.

Exposure to maternal depression was associated with greater externalizing behaviors in children who exhibited insecure attachment behaviors at age three, highlighting the potential benefit of interventions to improve early parent-child relationships for families at elevated risk because of maternal mental health.

How do Maternal PTSD and Alexithymia Interact to Impact Maternal Behavior?

Maternal IPV-PTSD severity, difficulty in identifying emotions, and lower socio-economic status were all associated with less maternal sensitivity, and also with more maternal controlling and unresponsive behavior on the CARE-Index.



Predicting Change in Parenting Stress Across Early Childhood: Child and Maternal Factors

Results indicated that single parenthood, maternal psychopathology, child anger proneness, and child emotion dysregulation predicted 2-year parenting stress, while child externalizing behaviors predicted initial status and changes across time in parenting stress.

Distorted Maternal Mental Representations and Atypical Behavior in a Clinical Sample of Violence-Exposed Mothers and Their Toddlers

  • D. SchechterS. Coates M. Myers
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2008
Although maternal PTSD and RF impacted mental representations, no significant relationships were found between PTSD, RF, and overall atypical caregiving behavior.

Unresolved maternal attachment representations, disrupted maternal behavior and disorganized attachment in infancy: links to toddler behavior problems.

The results are consistent with Bowlby's (1969/1982) original conceptualization of the explanatory role of the attachment relationship in the development and manifestation of behavioral maladaptation.

Maternal Depression, Paternal Psychopathology, and Toddlers' Behavior Problems

  • L. DietzK. JenningsS. KelleyMichael P Marshal
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2009
Maternal depression at Time 1 was significantly associated with toddlers' externalizing and internalizing behavior problems only when paternal psychopathology was present and maternal negativity at Time 2 was found to mediate the relationship between maternal depression at time 1 and toddlers' Externalizing Behavior problems at Time 3.

Infant joint attention skill and preschool behavioral outcomes in at-risk children

This study examined whether infant joint attention (JA) skills predicted social behaviors in a sample of at-risk preschool children with a history of prenatal exposure to cocaine to find results that were differentially related to behavioral outcome.

The Impact of Cumulative Maternal Trauma and Diagnosis on Parenting Behavior

Substance use and depression are significantly related to abuse potential, and PTSD is significantly negatively related to physical discipline, with no other significant associations between diagnostic status and parenting outcomes.

Disturbances of attachment and parental psychopathology in early childhood.

A Relational Perspective on PTSD in Early Childhood

A model of the parental/family variables as moderators and vicarious traumatic agents for symptoms in young children is presented, and a Compound Model is proposed, with three distinctive patterns of the parent–child relationship that impact on posttraumatic symptomatology in youngChildren.

Parenting Stress of Low-Income Parents of Toddlers and Preschoolers: Psychometric Properties of a Short Form of the Parenting Stress Index

SYNOPSIS Objective. This study examines psychometric properties of 2 scales of the Parenting Stress Index—Short Form (PSI—SF) in a sample of preschool children from low-income families. Design. The

Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool children.

Results suggest that, in addition to associations with language and cognition, infant joint attention reflects robust aspects of development that are related to individual differences in the emergence of social and behavioral competence in childhood.