Subjecting Elite Athletes to Inspiratory Breathing Load Reveals Behavioral and Neural Signatures of Optimal Performers in Extreme Environments

@inproceedings{Paulus2012SubjectingEA,
  title={Subjecting Elite Athletes to Inspiratory Breathing Load Reveals Behavioral and Neural Signatures of Optimal Performers in Extreme Environments},
  author={Martin P. Paulus and Taru Flagan and Alan N. Simmons and Kristine Gillis and Sante A. Kotturi and Nathaniel John Thom and Douglas C. Johnson and Karl F. Van Orden and Paul W. Davenport and J. L. Swain},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2012}
}
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether and how elite athletes process physiological or psychological challenges differently than healthy comparison subjects. In general, individuals optimize exercise level as it relates to differences between expected and experienced exertion, which can be conceptualized as a body prediction error. The process of computing a body prediction error involves the insular cortex, which is important for interoception, i.e. the sense of the physiological condition of the… CONTINUE READING

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