Subgroup Relations: A Comparison of Mutual Intergroup Differentiation and Common Ingroup Identity Models of Prejudice Reduction

@article{Hornsey2000SubgroupRA,
  title={Subgroup Relations: A Comparison of Mutual Intergroup Differentiation and Common Ingroup Identity Models of Prejudice Reduction},
  author={Matthew J. Hornsey and Michael A. Hogg},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2000},
  volume={26},
  pages={242 - 256}
}
  • M. Hornsey, M. Hogg
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Two studies examined relations between groups (humanities and math-science students) that implicitly or explicitly share a common superordinate category (university student). In Experiment 1, 178 participants performed a noninteractive decision-making task during which category salience was manipulated in a 2 (superordinate category salience)×2 (subordinate category salience) between-groups design. Consistent with the mutual intergroup differentiation model, participants for whom both… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Intergroup Similarity and Subgroup Relations: Some Implications for Assimilation
Two studies examined the effects of perceptions of similarity on relations between subgroups (humanities and math-science students) that share an active superordinate category (University ofExpand
Generalization of positive attitude as a function of subgroup and superordinate group identifications in intergroup contact
The role of category salience in mediating the effects of intergroup contact was examined. One theoretical model proposes that some psychological salience of subgroup categories is necessary toExpand
The Other Side of We: When Outgroup Members Express Common Identity
TLDR
Across both studies, high school students who learned that other ingroup members categorized students at both schools within the common identity of “students” showed less intergroup bias in evaluations and greater willingness for contact. Expand
Superordinate and Subgroup Identification as Predictors of Intergroup Evaluation in Common Ingroup Contexts
We examined the combined effects of subgroup and superordinate group identification on intergroup evaluations within common ingroup identity contexts. In Studies 1 and 2 we observed a positiveExpand
Merging on mayday: subgroup and superordinate identification as joint moderators of threat effects in the context of European Union's expansion
Threat has been proposed as an important cause of prejudice with social identification moderating its effects. In the context of the expansion of the European Union, two studies (N = 216 students andExpand
Subgroup identities as a key to cooperation within large social groups.
TLDR
It is suggested that subordinate identities sometimes provide a more meaningful basis for self-definition and, when this is the case, activating subordinate level of identity might lay the foundation for enhanced cooperation within higher-order identities. Expand
Superordinate identities and intergroup conflict: The ingroup projection model
This chapter summarises results from a research programme on the psychological basis of tolerance and discrimination in intergroup relations, with particular consideration of the role ofExpand
Assimilation and Diversity: An Integrative Model of Subgroup Relations
A model of sociostructural relations among subgroups within a superordinate category is presented. Contextualized by discussion of political and social psychological models of intergroup contact, weExpand
Mutual Acculturation and Social Categorization: A Comparison of Two Perspectives on Intergroup Bias
Using Berry, Trimble, and Olmedo's (1986) theorizing as a foundation, the present article applies acculturation constructs to the domain of intergroup bias and compares them to social categorizationExpand
Battling ingroup bias with effective intergroup leadership
TLDR
The results of two studies supported the hypothesis and intergroup leadership theory, demonstrating an intergroup relational identity is an effective strategy for improving intergroup relations. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Superordinate goals and intergroup conflict
We have examined the effects of different types of superordinate goals on intergroup differentiation and attraction. On the basis of Social Identity Theory it was hypothesized that a reduction inExpand
Subgroup differentiation as a response to an overly‐inclusive group: a test of optimal distinctiveness theory
Optimal distinctiveness theory (ODT; Brewer, 1991, 1993a,b) argues that people can respond to membership of an over ly inclusive group by engaging in a drive for subgroup distinctiveness. To testExpand
Intergroup bias: status, differentiation, and a common in-group identity.
The present research examined factors that moderate and mediate the reduction of intergroup bias. Two 3-person laboratory groups, which had first worked separately on a task, were informed prior toExpand
Superordinate goals and intergroup behaviour: The effect of role ambiguity and status on intergroup attitudes and task performance
An experiment examined the effects of role ambiguity and relative group status in an intergroup situation where a superordinate goal was salient. One-hundred-and-fifty-six subjects in groups of threeExpand
The social dimension: Intergroup differences in group perceptions
The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the phenomenon of intergroup differences in group perceptions. My prime concern is with how and why groups differ in their perceptions of their own and otherExpand
Social Categorization: Implications for Creation and Reduction of Intergroup Bias
  • D. A. Wilder
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Advances in Experimental Social Psychology
  • 1986
TLDR
Categorization serves two functions, enables to simplify the present social environment and to predict future social behavior and there is a risk error when using a category based on phenotypic similarities to infer genotypic properties. Expand
The Criss‐cross Categorization Effect in intergroup discrimination
The effect of criss-crossing two dichotomous social categorizations on intergroup discrimination is studied. One hundred and thirty-nine 12–13 year old schoolchildren were randomly assigned to fiveExpand
Correlated Versus Uncorrelated Social Categorizations: The Effect on Intergroup Bias
Previous research has shown that independent cross-cutting social categories reduce discrimination between groups. How-ever, the effect of correlated cross-cutting categories on intergroup relationsExpand
Generalized Intergroup Contact Effects on Prejudice
The intergroup contact hypothesis is tested with self-reports of 3,806 survey respondents in seven 1988 national probability samples of France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and West Germany. WithExpand
Social categorization and behavioral episodes: A cognitive analysis of the effects of intergroup contact.
The effects of intergroup contact on stereotypic beliefs, it is argued, depend upon (1) the potential susceptibility of those beliefs to disconfirming information and the degree to which the contactExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...