• Corpus ID: 245650439

Subfield prestige and gender inequality in computing

  title={Subfield prestige and gender inequality in computing},
  author={Nicholas LaBerge and Kenneth Hunter Wapman and Allison C. Morgan and Sam Zhang and Daniel B. Larremore and Aaron Clauset},
Women and people of color remain dramatically underrepresented among computing faculty, and improvements in demographic diversity are slow and uneven. Effective diversification strategies depend on quantifying the correlates, causes, and trends of diversity in the field. But field-level demographic changes are driven by subfield hiring dynamics because faculty searches are typically at the subfield level. Here, we quantify and forecast variations in the demographic composition of the subfields of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Labor advantages drive the greater productivity of faculty at elite universities
dominate scientific discourse, with the small proportion of researchers at elite universities producing a disproportionate share of all research publications. Environmental prestige is known to drive


Gender, Productivity, and Prestige in Computer Science Faculty Hiring Networks
Investigation of the multi-dimensional nature of gender inequality in computer science faculty hiring through a network model of the hiring process finds that hiring outcomes are most directly affected by the relative prestige between hiring and placing institutions and the scholarly productivity of the candidates.
Gender inequality in academia: Problems and solutions for women faculty in STEM
Three factors that likely contribute to gender inequalities and women's departure from academic STEM fields are described, including numeric underrepresentation and stereotypes, a lack of supportive social networks, and chilly academic climates.
Socioeconomic Roots of Academic Faculty
Tenure-track faculty play a special role in society: they train future researchers, and they produce much of the scholarship that drives scientific, technological, and social innovation. However, the
Systematic inequality and hierarchy in faculty hiring networks
It is found that faculty hiring follows a common and steeply hierarchical structure that reflects profound social inequality and increased institutional prestige leads to increased faculty production, better faculty placement, and a more influential position within the discipline.
The gender gap in science: How long until women are equally represented?
The gender gap in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine will not close without further reforms in education, mentoring, and academic publishing, it is concluded.
Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines
Results from a nationwide survey of academics support the hypothesis that women are underrepresented in fields whose practitioners believe that raw, innate talent is the main requirement for success, because women are stereotyped as not possessing such talent.
The unequal impact of parenthood in academia
An extensive survey of the timing of parenthood events, longitudinal publication data, and perceptions of research expectations among 3064 tenure-track faculty at 450 Ph.D.-granting computer science, history, and business departments across the United States and Canada, along with data on institution-specific parental leave policies finds the size of productivity penalty for mothers appears to have shrunk over time.
Now what?: action items from social science research to bridge the gender gap in computing research
A number of factors that explain women's low participation in and attrition from computing are reviewed, which have been developed through empirical research, and actionable items that can be implemented "on the ground" in classrooms and professional settings are articulated.
Racial and ethnic imbalance in neuroscience reference lists and intersections with gender
It is shown that reference lists tend to include more papers with a White person as first and last author than would be expected if race and ethnicity were unrelated to referencing, and this imbalance is driven largely by the citation practices of White authors, and is increasing over time even as the field diversifies.
Intersectional inequalities in science
A large-scale bibliometric analysis of the relationship between intersectional identities, topics, and scientific impact finds homophily between identities and topic, suggesting a relationship between diversity in the scientific workforce and expansion of the knowledge base.