Subduction dynamics and the origin of Andean orogeny and the Bolivian orocline

  title={Subduction dynamics and the origin of Andean orogeny and the Bolivian orocline},
  author={Fabio A. Capitanio and Claudio Faccenna and Sergio Zlotnik and Dave R. Stegman},
The building of the Andes results from the subduction of the oceanic Nazca plate underneath the South American continent. However, how and why the Andes and their curvature, the Bolivian orocline, formed in the Cenozoic era (65.5 million years (Myr) ago to present), despite subduction continuing since the Mesozoic era (251.0–65.5 Myr ago), is still unknown. Three-dimensional numerical subduction models demonstrate that variations in slab thickness, arising from the Nazca plate’s age at the… CONTINUE READING
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