Sixteen murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against serotypes O2, O5, and O16 (serogroup II) and subtypes O2b and O5d of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were evaluated by agglutination and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Six MAbs that exhibited different specificities were compared with absorbed rabbit O-type antisera for the serotyping of 55 clinical isolates of serogroup II. There was good agreement between the antibodies for strains of serotypes O2 and O2b, but MAbs revealed reproducible differences between strains that were indistinguishable with rabbit antisera. The greater serotype specificity of MAbs was illustrated by the fact that only 5 of 20 strains which were agglutinated by rabbit antiserum O16 reacted with the MAb to that serotype. One antibody, M89, that reacted with 27 of 55 serogroup II strains, apparently bound to core lipopolysaccharide epitopes. Three MAbs to the frequent serotype O6 identified six subtypes, one of which accounted for over half of the clinical strains, while two subtypes were represented by single strains only. Overall, MAbs provided a greater discrimination between strains of P. aeruginosa of the same serotype than did absorbed polyclonal antisera.