Subcutaneous tramadol infiltration at the wound site versus intravenous administration after pyelolithotomy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Recently, the peripheral anesthetic effect of tramadol has been the theme of many studies. The postoperative analgesic effects of subcutaneous wound infiltration with tramadol have not been extensively studied and compared with those of intravenous administration. OBJECTIVE To compare the therapeutic effects and complications of intravenous… (More)
DOI: 10.1345/aph.1L494

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