Subcutaneous Trigeminal Nerve Field Stimulation for Refractory Facial Pain.


Chronic or neuropathic trigeminal facial pain can be challenging to treat. Neurosurgical procedures should be applied when conservative treatment fails. Neuromodulation techniques for chronic facial pain include deep brain stimulation and motor cortex stimulation, which are complex to perform. Subcutaneous nerve field stimulation is certified for chronic… (More)
DOI: 10.3791/55408


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